Advanced quantitative bioanalytical approaches in combination with network analyses allow us to answer complex biological questions, such as the description of changes in protein profiles under disease conditions or upon treatment with drugs. In the present work, three quantitative proteomic approaches-either based on labelling or not-in combination with network analyses were applied to a new in vitro cellular model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) for the first time. This disease is characterized by the accumulation of lipids, inflammation, fibrosis, and insulin resistance. Hepatic G2 cells were used as model, and NAFLD was induced by a complex of oleic acid and bovine albumin. The development of the disease was verified by lipid vesicle staining and by the increase in the expression of perilipin-2-a protein constitutively present in the vesicles during NAFLD. The nLC-MS/MS analyses of peptide samples obtained from three different proteomic approaches resulted in accurate and reproducible quantitative data of protein fold-change expressed in NAFLD versus control cells. The differentially regulated proteins were used to evaluate the involved and statistically enriched pathways. Network analyses highlighted several functional and disease modules affected by NAFLD, such as inflammation, oxidative stress defense, cell proliferation, and ferroptosis. Each quantitative approach allowed the identification of similar modulated pathways. The combination of the three approaches improved the power of statistical network analyses by increasing the number of involved proteins and their fold-change. In conclusion, the application of advanced bioanalytical approaches in combination with pathway analyses allows the in-depth and accurate description of the protein profile of an in vitro cellular model of NAFLD by using high-resolution quantitative mass spectrometry data. This model could be extremely useful in the discovery of new drugs to modulate the equilibrium NAFLD health state.

Protein Profiling of a Cellular Model of NAFLD by Advanced Bioanalytical Approaches / A. Altomare, G. Aiello, J.L. Garcia, G. Garrone, B. Zoanni, M. Carini, G. Aldini, A. D'Amato. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 23:16(2022 Aug 12), pp. 9025.1-9025.15. [10.3390/ijms23169025]

Protein Profiling of a Cellular Model of NAFLD by Advanced Bioanalytical Approaches

A. Altomare
Primo
;
G. Aiello
Secondo
;
B. Zoanni;M. Carini;G. Aldini
Penultimo
;
A. D'Amato
Ultimo
2022-08-12

Abstract

Advanced quantitative bioanalytical approaches in combination with network analyses allow us to answer complex biological questions, such as the description of changes in protein profiles under disease conditions or upon treatment with drugs. In the present work, three quantitative proteomic approaches-either based on labelling or not-in combination with network analyses were applied to a new in vitro cellular model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) for the first time. This disease is characterized by the accumulation of lipids, inflammation, fibrosis, and insulin resistance. Hepatic G2 cells were used as model, and NAFLD was induced by a complex of oleic acid and bovine albumin. The development of the disease was verified by lipid vesicle staining and by the increase in the expression of perilipin-2-a protein constitutively present in the vesicles during NAFLD. The nLC-MS/MS analyses of peptide samples obtained from three different proteomic approaches resulted in accurate and reproducible quantitative data of protein fold-change expressed in NAFLD versus control cells. The differentially regulated proteins were used to evaluate the involved and statistically enriched pathways. Network analyses highlighted several functional and disease modules affected by NAFLD, such as inflammation, oxidative stress defense, cell proliferation, and ferroptosis. Each quantitative approach allowed the identification of similar modulated pathways. The combination of the three approaches improved the power of statistical network analyses by increasing the number of involved proteins and their fold-change. In conclusion, the application of advanced bioanalytical approaches in combination with pathway analyses allows the in-depth and accurate description of the protein profile of an in vitro cellular model of NAFLD by using high-resolution quantitative mass spectrometry data. This model could be extremely useful in the discovery of new drugs to modulate the equilibrium NAFLD health state.
NAFLD; nano liquid chromatography; proteins; signaling; tandem mass spectrometry;
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
RL_DG-UNI20PRISO_01 - MIND FoodS HUB - RISO, PATRIZIA - RL_DG-UNI - Bandi DG Università, ricerca e open innovation - 2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/936786
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