Insights into the evolution of non-model organisms are often limited by the lack of reference genomes. As part of the Vertebrate Genomes Project, we present a new reference genome and a pangenome produced with High-Fidelity long reads for the barn swallow Hirundo rustica. We then generated a reference-free multialignment with other bird genomes to identify genes under selection. Conservation analyses pointed at genes enriched for transcriptional regulation and neurodevelopment. The most conserved gene is CAMK2N2, with a potential role in fear memory formation. In addition, using all publicly available data, we generated a comprehensive catalogue of genetic markers. Genome-wide linkage disequilibrium scans identified potential selection signatures at multiple loci. The top candidate region comprises several genes and includes BDNF, a gene involved in stress response, fear memory formation, and tameness. We propose that the strict association with humans in this species is linked with the evolution of pathways typically under selection in domesticated taxa.

Pangenomics provides insights into the role of synanthropy in barn swallow evolution / S. Secomandi, G. Gallo, M. Sozzoni, A. Iannucci, E. Galati, L. Abueg, J. Balacco, M. Caprioli, W. Chow, C. Ciofi, J. Collins, O. Fedrigo, L. Ferretti, A. Fungtammasan, B. Haase, K. Howe, W. Kwak, G. Lombardo, P. Masterson, G. Messina, A. Møller, J. Mountcastle, T. Mousseau, J. Ferrer-Obiol, A. Olivieri, A. Rhie, D. Rubolini, M. Saclier, R. Stanyon, D. Stucki, F. Thibaud-Nissen, J. Torrance, A. Torroni, K. Weber, R. Ambrosini, A. Bonisoli-Alquati, E. Jarvis, L. Gianfranceschi, G. Formenti. - (2022 Mar 29).

Pangenomics provides insights into the role of synanthropy in barn swallow evolution

S. Secomandi;G. Gallo;E. Galati;M. Caprioli;G. Messina;D. Rubolini;M. Saclier;R. Ambrosini;L. Gianfranceschi;G. Formenti
2022-03-29

Abstract

Insights into the evolution of non-model organisms are often limited by the lack of reference genomes. As part of the Vertebrate Genomes Project, we present a new reference genome and a pangenome produced with High-Fidelity long reads for the barn swallow Hirundo rustica. We then generated a reference-free multialignment with other bird genomes to identify genes under selection. Conservation analyses pointed at genes enriched for transcriptional regulation and neurodevelopment. The most conserved gene is CAMK2N2, with a potential role in fear memory formation. In addition, using all publicly available data, we generated a comprehensive catalogue of genetic markers. Genome-wide linkage disequilibrium scans identified potential selection signatures at multiple loci. The top candidate region comprises several genes and includes BDNF, a gene involved in stress response, fear memory formation, and tameness. We propose that the strict association with humans in this species is linked with the evolution of pathways typically under selection in domesticated taxa.
Genome assembly; comparative genomics; pangenomics; genetic markers; positive selection; synanthropy
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.03.28.486082v1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/922456
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