The recent impressive growth of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) production infrastructures is related to the surge of electric automotive industry. However, the current performance of LIBs is limited by the intrinsic capacity of graphite anodes, the use of organic solvents and by the limited wettability of the separator. In this review, we aim at demonstrating the grade of advance that can be expected for the performances of Li-ion batteries in the short term (roughly, 5-10 years) thanks to introduction of smart materials and interfaces. This temporal limit reflects the need of maintaining the current production chain of LIBs and optimizing the relative investments. In particular, we analyze and discuss the most recent scientific findings on: (i) the solvent, focusing our attention on deep eutectic solvents and ionic liquids (ILs) as an alternative to the currently adopted organic solvents; (ii) tuning the wettability of the separator, thanks to the optimization of the material, its porosity and its surface features; (iii) the anodic materials, according to the different proposed mechanism for Li storage and classifying them into different categories (i.e. carbon-based, Si, perovskites). Finally, we must recognize that, among the so-called “post LIBs” batteries, Li metal batteries can also play a key role in the near future: this type of battery is currently under production for primary cells but requires a smart cathode|electrolyte interface to avoid Li dendrite growth during charge/discharge cycles in their future as secondary systems.

Smart interfaces in Li-ion batteries: near-future key challenges / E. Pargoletti, S. Arnaboldi, G. Cappelletti, M. Longhi, D. Meroni, A. Minguzzi, P. Mussini, S. Rondinini, A. Vertova. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - 215:(2022 May 20), pp. 140258.1-140258.19. [10.1016/j.electacta.2022.140258]

Smart interfaces in Li-ion batteries: near-future key challenges

E. Pargoletti
Primo
;
S. Arnaboldi
Secondo
;
G. Cappelletti;M. Longhi;D. Meroni;A. Minguzzi
;
P. Mussini;S. Rondinini
Penultimo
;
A. Vertova
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The recent impressive growth of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) production infrastructures is related to the surge of electric automotive industry. However, the current performance of LIBs is limited by the intrinsic capacity of graphite anodes, the use of organic solvents and by the limited wettability of the separator. In this review, we aim at demonstrating the grade of advance that can be expected for the performances of Li-ion batteries in the short term (roughly, 5-10 years) thanks to introduction of smart materials and interfaces. This temporal limit reflects the need of maintaining the current production chain of LIBs and optimizing the relative investments. In particular, we analyze and discuss the most recent scientific findings on: (i) the solvent, focusing our attention on deep eutectic solvents and ionic liquids (ILs) as an alternative to the currently adopted organic solvents; (ii) tuning the wettability of the separator, thanks to the optimization of the material, its porosity and its surface features; (iii) the anodic materials, according to the different proposed mechanism for Li storage and classifying them into different categories (i.e. carbon-based, Si, perovskites). Finally, we must recognize that, among the so-called “post LIBs” batteries, Li metal batteries can also play a key role in the near future: this type of battery is currently under production for primary cells but requires a smart cathode|electrolyte interface to avoid Li dendrite growth during charge/discharge cycles in their future as secondary systems.
Lithium; batteries, wettability; deep eutectic solvents; Li anodes; Li metal; room temperature ionic liquids;
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
   One Health Action Hub: task force di Ateneo per la resilienza di ecosistemi territoriali (1H_Hub) Linea Strategica 3, Tema One health, one earth
   1H_Hub
   UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO

   Novel Multilayered and Micro.Machined Electrode nano-Architectures for Electrocatalytic Applica-tions (Fuel cells and Electrolyzers)
   Fuel cells and Electrolyzers
   MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE E DEL MERITO
   2017YH9MRK_004

   Piano di Sostegno alla Ricerca 2015-2017 - Linea 2 "Dotazione annuale per attività istituzionali" (anno 2021)
   UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
20-mag-2022
apr-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/921457
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