Due to the remarkably high theoretical energy and light weight, metal-air batteries represent one class of promising power sources for applications in next-generation electronics, electrified transportation and energy storage of smart grids [1]. The most prominent feature of a metal-air battery is the combination of a metal anode with high energy density and an air electrode with open structure to draw cathode active materials (i.e. oxygen) from air [1]. Gas Diffusion Electrodes (GDEs) are widely used as cathodes in metal-air devices [2]. However, one of the main drawbacks related to the cathodic reaction (ORR) is the overpotential loss (about 0.3-0.4 V) under operation conditions. Thus, lots of efforts were spent to inhibit the voltage loss requiring an effective ORR catalyst [1,3]. One of the most promising materials, in terms of both performances and costs, seems to be manganese dioxide. According to the recent literature, MnO2 would ensure capacities comparable to those of platinum, letting higher capacity retention to be reached in non-aqueous electrolytes to prevent Li decomposition [1]. In the present work, the electrochemical performances of either bare or Fe/Co-doped (at both 2% and 5%) MnO2 nano-electrocatalysts are evaluated by Linear Sweep Voltammetries (LSVs). The crystal structure and the surface properties of the present materials are examined by means of XRPD, BET-BJH, TEM, SEM/EDX and XPS analyses. Correlations between their physico-chemical features and the final electrocatalytic performances are drawn. Experimental results reveal that the as-synthesized powders have excellent electrochemical properties in organic electrolytes (0.15 M LiNO3 in propylene carbonate, PC) showing a shift of the onset potential of about 150 mV with 2% Co-doped MnO2 (Figure 1), thus resulting very promising candidates to be used in lithium-air batteries [4].

Electrocatalytic Doped-MnO2 for Lithium-Air Batteries / E. Pargoletti, A. Vertova, M. Longhi, G. Cerrato, A. Minguzzi, G. Cappelletti. ((Intervento presentato al 72. convegno Annual meeting of International Society of Electrochemistry tenutosi a Hybrid meeting (Online/Jeju Island) nel 2021.

Electrocatalytic Doped-MnO2 for Lithium-Air Batteries

E. Pargoletti;A. Vertova;M. Longhi;A. Minguzzi;G. Cappelletti
2021-08

Abstract

Due to the remarkably high theoretical energy and light weight, metal-air batteries represent one class of promising power sources for applications in next-generation electronics, electrified transportation and energy storage of smart grids [1]. The most prominent feature of a metal-air battery is the combination of a metal anode with high energy density and an air electrode with open structure to draw cathode active materials (i.e. oxygen) from air [1]. Gas Diffusion Electrodes (GDEs) are widely used as cathodes in metal-air devices [2]. However, one of the main drawbacks related to the cathodic reaction (ORR) is the overpotential loss (about 0.3-0.4 V) under operation conditions. Thus, lots of efforts were spent to inhibit the voltage loss requiring an effective ORR catalyst [1,3]. One of the most promising materials, in terms of both performances and costs, seems to be manganese dioxide. According to the recent literature, MnO2 would ensure capacities comparable to those of platinum, letting higher capacity retention to be reached in non-aqueous electrolytes to prevent Li decomposition [1]. In the present work, the electrochemical performances of either bare or Fe/Co-doped (at both 2% and 5%) MnO2 nano-electrocatalysts are evaluated by Linear Sweep Voltammetries (LSVs). The crystal structure and the surface properties of the present materials are examined by means of XRPD, BET-BJH, TEM, SEM/EDX and XPS analyses. Correlations between their physico-chemical features and the final electrocatalytic performances are drawn. Experimental results reveal that the as-synthesized powders have excellent electrochemical properties in organic electrolytes (0.15 M LiNO3 in propylene carbonate, PC) showing a shift of the onset potential of about 150 mV with 2% Co-doped MnO2 (Figure 1), thus resulting very promising candidates to be used in lithium-air batteries [4].
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Annual meeting of International Society of Electrochemistry
Electrocatalytic Doped-MnO2 for Lithium-Air Batteries / E. Pargoletti, A. Vertova, M. Longhi, G. Cerrato, A. Minguzzi, G. Cappelletti. ((Intervento presentato al 72. convegno Annual meeting of International Society of Electrochemistry tenutosi a Hybrid meeting (Online/Jeju Island) nel 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/866166
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