Vitamin D is essential in assuring bone health at all stages of life, but its non-skeletal ef-fects are also essential: This vitamin impacts the physiology of the immune system, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue, glucose metabolism, skin, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, neuro-cog-nitive functions and cell division. The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is widespread worldwide, at any age, in young and healthy subjects, as well as in pregnant women and the elderly population, due to several factors, including inadequate sunlight exposure, skin pigmentation and coverage, adiposity, lifestyle and low dietary intakes. To overcome this problem, the fortification of foods that are consumed on a daily basis, such as milk, is strongly advisable. This opinion paper aims to dis-cuss, in a multidisciplinary way, the current evidence supporting the importance of vitamin D in health and disease and the role of milk as an optimal carrier of this vitamin, to promote adequate intakes, highlighting its unique physico-chemical characteristics linked to both fat globule mem-brane and casein micelle structure. Moreover, it addresses the impact of industrial processing and storage of consumption milk on the stability of these structures, thus in determining vitamin D bi-oavailability and the achievement of adequate intakes.

Vitamin D fortification of consumption cow's milk : health, nutritional and technological aspects. A multidisciplinary lecture of the recent scientific evidence / L.M. Pellegrino, F. Marangoni, G. Muscogiuri, P. D'Incecco, G.T. Duval, C. Annweiler, A. Colao. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:17(2021 Aug 31), pp. 5289.1-5289.16. [10.3390/molecules26175289]

Vitamin D fortification of consumption cow's milk : health, nutritional and technological aspects. A multidisciplinary lecture of the recent scientific evidence

L.M. Pellegrino
Primo
;
P. D'Incecco;
2021-08-31

Abstract

Vitamin D is essential in assuring bone health at all stages of life, but its non-skeletal ef-fects are also essential: This vitamin impacts the physiology of the immune system, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue, glucose metabolism, skin, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, neuro-cog-nitive functions and cell division. The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is widespread worldwide, at any age, in young and healthy subjects, as well as in pregnant women and the elderly population, due to several factors, including inadequate sunlight exposure, skin pigmentation and coverage, adiposity, lifestyle and low dietary intakes. To overcome this problem, the fortification of foods that are consumed on a daily basis, such as milk, is strongly advisable. This opinion paper aims to dis-cuss, in a multidisciplinary way, the current evidence supporting the importance of vitamin D in health and disease and the role of milk as an optimal carrier of this vitamin, to promote adequate intakes, highlighting its unique physico-chemical characteristics linked to both fat globule mem-brane and casein micelle structure. Moreover, it addresses the impact of industrial processing and storage of consumption milk on the stability of these structures, thus in determining vitamin D bi-oavailability and the achievement of adequate intakes.
vitamin D; bone health; vitamin D deficiency; milk fortification; consumption milk
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/864240
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