The selectivity of α4β2 nAChR agonists over the α3β4 nicotinic receptor subtype, predominant in ganglia, primarily conditions their therapeutic range and it is still a complex and challenging issue for medicinal chemists and pharmacologists. Here, we investigate the determinants for such subtype selectivity in a series of more than forty α4β2 ligands we have previously reported, docking them into the structures of the two human subtypes, recently determined by cryo-electron microscopy. They are all pyrrolidine based analogues of the well-known α4β2 agonist N-methylprolinol pyridyl ether A-84543 and differ in the flexibility and pattern substitution of their aromatic portion. Indeed, the direct or water mediated interaction with hydrophilic residues of the relatively narrower β2 minus side through the elements decorating the aromatic ring and the stabilization of the latter by facing to the not conserved β2-Phe119 result as key distinctive features for the α4β2 affinity. Consistently, these compounds show, despite the structural similarity, very different α4β2 vs. α3β4 selectivities, from modest to very high, which relate to rigidity/extensibility degree of the portion containing the aromatic ring and to substitutions at the latter. Furthermore, the structural rationalization of the rat vs. human differences of α4β2 vs. α3β4 selectivity ratios is here proposed.

Determinants for α4β2 vs. α3β4 Subtype Selectivity of Pyrrolidine-Based nAChRs Ligands: A Computational Perspective with Focus on Recent cryo-EM Receptor Structures [Determinants for alpha 4 beta 2 vs. alpha 3 beta 4 Subtype Selectivity of Pyrrolidine-Based nAChRs Ligands: A Computational Perspective with Focus on Recent cryo-EM Receptor Structures] / F. Bavo, M. Pallavicini, R. Appiani, C. Bolchi. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:12(2021 Jun 12), pp. 3603.1-3603.23. [10.3390/molecules26123603]

Determinants for α4β2 vs. α3β4 Subtype Selectivity of Pyrrolidine-Based nAChRs Ligands: A Computational Perspective with Focus on Recent cryo-EM Receptor Structures [Determinants for alpha 4 beta 2 vs. alpha 3 beta 4 Subtype Selectivity of Pyrrolidine-Based nAChRs Ligands: A Computational Perspective with Focus on Recent cryo-EM Receptor Structures]

F. Bavo
Primo
;
M. Pallavicini
Secondo
;
R. Appiani
Penultimo
;
C. Bolchi
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The selectivity of α4β2 nAChR agonists over the α3β4 nicotinic receptor subtype, predominant in ganglia, primarily conditions their therapeutic range and it is still a complex and challenging issue for medicinal chemists and pharmacologists. Here, we investigate the determinants for such subtype selectivity in a series of more than forty α4β2 ligands we have previously reported, docking them into the structures of the two human subtypes, recently determined by cryo-electron microscopy. They are all pyrrolidine based analogues of the well-known α4β2 agonist N-methylprolinol pyridyl ether A-84543 and differ in the flexibility and pattern substitution of their aromatic portion. Indeed, the direct or water mediated interaction with hydrophilic residues of the relatively narrower β2 minus side through the elements decorating the aromatic ring and the stabilization of the latter by facing to the not conserved β2-Phe119 result as key distinctive features for the α4β2 affinity. Consistently, these compounds show, despite the structural similarity, very different α4β2 vs. α3β4 selectivities, from modest to very high, which relate to rigidity/extensibility degree of the portion containing the aromatic ring and to substitutions at the latter. Furthermore, the structural rationalization of the rat vs. human differences of α4β2 vs. α3β4 selectivity ratios is here proposed.
(S)-nicotine; nAChR; N-methyl-pyrrolidinyl; selectivity; alpha4beta2; alpha3beta4; docking; benzodioxane; cryo-EM;
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/855580
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