Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous overgrowth disease. BWS is caused by (epi)genetic defects at the 11p15 chromosomal region, which harbors two clusters of imprinted genes, IGF2/H19 and CDKN1C/KCNQ1OT1, regulated by differential methylation of imprinting control regions, H19/IGF2:IG DMR and KCNQ1OT1:TSS DMR, respectively. A subset of BWS patients show multi-locus imprinting disturbances (MLID), with methylation defects extended to other imprinted genes in addition to the disease-specific locus. Specific (epi)genotype-phenotype correlations have been defined in order to help clinicians in the classification of patients and referring them to a timely diagnosis and a tailored follow-up. However, specific phenotypic correlations have not been identified among MLID patients, thus causing a debate on the usefulness of multi-locus testing in clinical diagnosis. Finally, the high incidence of BWS monozygotic twins with discordant phenotypes, the high frequency of BWS among babies conceived by assisted reproductive technologies, and the female prevalence among BWS-MLID cases provide new insights into the timing of imprint establishment during embryo development. In this review, we provide an overview on the clinical and molecular diagnosis of single-and multi-locus BWS in pre-and post-natal settings, and a comprehensive analysis of the literature in order to define possible (epi)genotype-phenotype correlations in MLID patients.
Clinical and molecular diagnosis of beckwith-wiedemann syndrome with single-or multi-locus imprinting disturbance / L. Fontana, S. Tabano, S. Maitz, P. Colapietro, E. Garzia, A.G. Gerli, S.M. Sirchia, M. Miozzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 22:7(2021 Mar 26), pp. 3445.1-3445.20.
|Titolo:||Clinical and molecular diagnosis of beckwith-wiedemann syndrome with single-or multi-locus imprinting disturbance|
FONTANA, LAURA (Primo) (Corresponding)
TABANO, SILVIA MARIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome; Clinical diagnosis; Discordant monozygotic twins; Molecular testing; Multilocus imprinting disturbance; X-chromosome inactivation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||26-mar-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22073445|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|