5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed during bread baking as a Maillard reaction product (MRP); it can exert toxicity and it is regarded as a potential health risk because of its high consumption levels in western diets. The aim of this study was to evaluate HMF formation in bread as a function of heat treatment intensity (HTI) and to investigate correlations between HMF and easily detectable browning indices. White breads were baked at 200◦C and 225◦C for different baking times for a total of 24 baking trials. Browning development was evaluated by reflectance colorimetric and computer vision colour analysis; MRP were quantified spectrophotometrically at 280, 360 and 420 nm and HMF was determined by HPLC. HMF concentrations varied from 4 to 300 mg/kg dw. Colour indices (100–L*) and Intensity mean resulted significantly correlated between each other (r = −0.961) and with MRP (r ≥ 0.819). The effects of the different HTI were visualized by principal component analysis and the data were used to evaluate the best fitting regression models between HMF concentration and other browning indices, obtaining models with high correlation coefficients (r > 0.90).
5-hydroxymethylfurfural formation in bread as a function of heat treatment intensity: Correlations with browning indices / G. Giovanelli, C. Cappa. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 10:2(2021), pp. 417.1-417.16.
|Titolo:||5-hydroxymethylfurfural formation in bread as a function of heat treatment intensity: Correlations with browning indices|
GIOVANELLI, GABRIELLA (Primo)
CAPPA, CAROLA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Bread; Browning; Colour; HMF; Maillard reaction products; Regression models|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods10020417|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|