Even though SARS-CoV-2’s primary transmission pathway is person-to-person, the role played by surfaces and food contact materials in carrying viral RNA should be further explored. For this purpose, the study aimed to investigate the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 using the strain ATCC® VR-1986HKTM on flow pack polyethylene (FPP) and polystyrene food trays (PFT). Samples of FPP and PFT were contaminated with heat-inactivated SARS-CoV-2 and were incubated at a temperature of 24 ± 1°C and at controlled relative humidity (RH 65%). The experimental design included analyses at the time 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and after every 24 hours until the viral RNA was no longer detectable. The results showed a significant decrease (P<0.001) in viral copies number on PFT within 3 hours (24% reduction) and, at 72 hours, the viral RNA had fallen below the limit of detection. Regarding the FPP, it was necessary to wait hours for a significant decrease (P=0.015) in the viral load (14% reduction), while the detection threshold was reached at 96 hours. These findings showed that the viral RNA persists longer on polyethylene flow pack samples than on polystyrene food trays, thus highlighting the importance of material characteristics in the persistence of SARS-CoV-2.

Evaluation of the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 (ATCC® VR-1986HK™) on two different food contact materials: flow pack polyethylene and polystyrene food trays [Evaluation of the persistence of {SARS}-{CoV}-2 ({ATCC}{ extregistered} {VR}-1986HK{ exttrademark}) on two different food contact materials: flow pack polyethylene and polystyrene food trays] / M. Castrica, C.M. Balzaretti, D. Miraglia, P. Lorusso, A. Pandiscia, G. Tantillo, F. Romana Massacci, V. Terio. - In: LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT + TECHNOLOGIE. - ISSN 0023-6438. - 146(2021 Apr 24). [10.1016/j.lwt.2021.111606]

Evaluation of the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 (ATCC® VR-1986HK™) on two different food contact materials: flow pack polyethylene and polystyrene food trays [Evaluation of the persistence of {SARS}-{CoV}-2 ({ATCC}{ extregistered} {VR}-1986HK{ exttrademark}) on two different food contact materials: flow pack polyethylene and polystyrene food trays]

Marta Castrica;Claudia Balzaretti;
2021-04-24

Abstract

Even though SARS-CoV-2’s primary transmission pathway is person-to-person, the role played by surfaces and food contact materials in carrying viral RNA should be further explored. For this purpose, the study aimed to investigate the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 using the strain ATCC® VR-1986HKTM on flow pack polyethylene (FPP) and polystyrene food trays (PFT). Samples of FPP and PFT were contaminated with heat-inactivated SARS-CoV-2 and were incubated at a temperature of 24 ± 1°C and at controlled relative humidity (RH 65%). The experimental design included analyses at the time 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and after every 24 hours until the viral RNA was no longer detectable. The results showed a significant decrease (P<0.001) in viral copies number on PFT within 3 hours (24% reduction) and, at 72 hours, the viral RNA had fallen below the limit of detection. Regarding the FPP, it was necessary to wait hours for a significant decrease (P=0.015) in the viral load (14% reduction), while the detection threshold was reached at 96 hours. These findings showed that the viral RNA persists longer on polyethylene flow pack samples than on polystyrene food trays, thus highlighting the importance of material characteristics in the persistence of SARS-CoV-2.
COVID-19; food packaging; fomite; surface-mediated transmission; viral RNA detection;
Settore VET/04 - Ispezione degli Alimenti di Origine Animale
24-apr-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/842380
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