Urinary incontinence is linked to pelvic floor dysfunction; the delicate balance between bones, muscles, tendons, and nerves is fundamental for continence and can be altered for numerous reasons, also linked to anatomical areas other than the pelvis. The assessment of the patient is at the basis of treatment choices; the literature reports the need to assess the patient's postural, respiratory, muscular and neurological components. To date, however, there are no studies that provide the nurse with a compendium of evidence in the form of a practical guide to assessment. To present literature evidence regarding the assessment of patients with urinary incontinence, undergoing pelvic conservative rehabilitation and to discuss the practical implications. This evaluation refers to the first contact with the patient and aims to understand how to set up the rehabilitation pathway and whether specific investigations or consultations are needed before starting rehabilitation. Narrative reviews of the literature on the PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, PEDro database. We included studies published in the last 10 years, with no design restrictions, on the topic of assessment criteria for patients with urinary incontinence undergoing pelvic floor conservation rehabilitation, with regard to the role of the nurse. Thirty-two references were retrieved including two systematic reviews. Assessment should focus on physical activity, bowel habits, spine and posture, nutrition and food habits, breathing and clinical history. Physical examination is aimed at (1) collecting data for establishing the correct rehabilitation programme and (2) excluding the need for evaluation/intervention by other healthcare professionals. Nurses play a key role in pelvic rehabilitation teams. Assessment and decision making about rehabilitation methods are complex tasks which require specialistic education. This paper summarizes the key points of both areas. Conservative rehabilitation of urinary incontinence requires a complex assessment in order to correctly set up the rehabilitation pathway. Aspects to be assessed include muscular, postural, respiratory, neurological and medical history. There are no works in the literature offering a compendium of the information to be considered. A complete overview of the evaluation phases and their characteristics including a practical description of the nursing assessment of the patient undergoing pelvic rehabilitation for urinary incontinence.

Assessing the patient undergoing pelvic rehabilitation for urinary incontinence : From theory to practice / S. Terzoni, A. Federica, P. Ferrara, C. Mora, E. Wallace, A. Destrebecq. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF UROLOGICAL NURSING. - ISSN 1749-7701. - (2021 May 03). [Epub ahead of print]

Assessing the patient undergoing pelvic rehabilitation for urinary incontinence : From theory to practice

S. Terzoni
Primo
Conceptualization
;
P. Ferrara
Methodology
;
A. Destrebecq
Ultimo
Supervision
2021-05-03

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is linked to pelvic floor dysfunction; the delicate balance between bones, muscles, tendons, and nerves is fundamental for continence and can be altered for numerous reasons, also linked to anatomical areas other than the pelvis. The assessment of the patient is at the basis of treatment choices; the literature reports the need to assess the patient's postural, respiratory, muscular and neurological components. To date, however, there are no studies that provide the nurse with a compendium of evidence in the form of a practical guide to assessment. To present literature evidence regarding the assessment of patients with urinary incontinence, undergoing pelvic conservative rehabilitation and to discuss the practical implications. This evaluation refers to the first contact with the patient and aims to understand how to set up the rehabilitation pathway and whether specific investigations or consultations are needed before starting rehabilitation. Narrative reviews of the literature on the PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, PEDro database. We included studies published in the last 10 years, with no design restrictions, on the topic of assessment criteria for patients with urinary incontinence undergoing pelvic floor conservation rehabilitation, with regard to the role of the nurse. Thirty-two references were retrieved including two systematic reviews. Assessment should focus on physical activity, bowel habits, spine and posture, nutrition and food habits, breathing and clinical history. Physical examination is aimed at (1) collecting data for establishing the correct rehabilitation programme and (2) excluding the need for evaluation/intervention by other healthcare professionals. Nurses play a key role in pelvic rehabilitation teams. Assessment and decision making about rehabilitation methods are complex tasks which require specialistic education. This paper summarizes the key points of both areas. Conservative rehabilitation of urinary incontinence requires a complex assessment in order to correctly set up the rehabilitation pathway. Aspects to be assessed include muscular, postural, respiratory, neurological and medical history. There are no works in the literature offering a compendium of the information to be considered. A complete overview of the evaluation phases and their characteristics including a practical description of the nursing assessment of the patient undergoing pelvic rehabilitation for urinary incontinence.
advanced nursing practice, continence, lower urinary tract symptoms, nurse-led clinics, pelvic care, rehabilitation, urinary incontinence
Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/841377
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