The main objective of this study was to compare the protective effect of daidzein and genistein against induced oxidative damage in Jurkat T-cell line and in peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy subjects. After supplementation of cells with isoflavones (from 2.5 to 20 micro mol/L in Jurkat T-cell and from 0.01 to 2.5 micro mol/L in primary lymphocytes, 24 h), we determined DNA damage induced by hydrogen peroxide using the comet assay and lipid peroxidation evaluating malondialdehyde (MDA) production after ferrous ion treatment. Supplementation of Jurkat cells and primary lymphocytes with both isoflavones significantly increased DNA protection from oxidative damage at concentrations between 0.1 and 5 micro mol/L (P<0.05), and with just daidzein, at concentrations higher than 2.5 micro mol/L, there was a decrease in the production of MDA (P<0.05). Our results seem to support that daidzein is just as effective as genistein in protecting cells against oxidative damage especially with respect to DNA. Moreover, since the protective effect was found at concentrations reachable in plasma after soy consumption (less than 2 micro mol/L), it can be assumed that the antioxidant activity of isoflavones could really contribute to the healthy properties of soy.
Comparison between daidzein and genistein antioxidant activity in primary and cancer lymphocytes / P. Foti, D. Erba, P. Riso, A. Spadafranca, F. Criscuoli, G. Testolin. - In: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0003-9861. - 433:2(2005), pp. 421-427.
|Titolo:||Comparison between daidzein and genistein antioxidant activity in primary and cancer lymphocytes|
FOTI, PAOLA ANTONIA (Primo)
ERBA, DANIELA (Secondo)
CRISCUOLI, FRANCA (Penultimo)
TESTOLIN, GIULIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||DNA damage; Isoflavones; Jurkat T cells; Lipid peroxidation; Peripheral blood lymphocytes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2004.10.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|