Automatic acoustic monitoring of machine health comprises a relevant field as, unfortunately, such equipment often suffers from faults, malfunctions, aging effects, etc. However, it is still an unexplored domain of research where the majority of existing works relies on traditional machine learning based approaches. After providing a critical survey of the available methods, this work highlights the most relevant limitations and designs a solution specifically addressing them. We introduce the one-shot learning paradigm into the specific domain and suitably extent it to (a) classify machine states, (b) detect novel ones, and (c) incorporate them in the class dictionary online. The backbone of the present system is a Siamese Neural Network (SNN) composed of convolutional layers. Conveniently, every processing stage depends on a standardized feature set free of domain knowledge, i.e. spectrograms. Interestingly, we enhance SNN’s classification ability by an appropriately designed data selection scheme. The proposed solution is applied on a publicly available dataset of vibration signals representing four states of a drill bit, i.e. healthy state, chisel wear, flank wear, and outer corner wear. After extensive experiments thoroughly examining every aspect of the proposed solution, it is shown to achieve state of the art results while using limited amount of training data. Importantly, at the same time it is able to operate under evolving environments. Last but not least, we show that the obtained predictions are interpretable, a property which is rapidly becoming a requirement in modern machine learning based technologies.

One-shot learning for acoustic diagnosis of industrial machines / S. Ntalampiras. - In: EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 0957-4174. - 178(2021 Sep 15), pp. 114984.1-114984.8.

One-shot learning for acoustic diagnosis of industrial machines

S. Ntalampiras
2021

Abstract

Automatic acoustic monitoring of machine health comprises a relevant field as, unfortunately, such equipment often suffers from faults, malfunctions, aging effects, etc. However, it is still an unexplored domain of research where the majority of existing works relies on traditional machine learning based approaches. After providing a critical survey of the available methods, this work highlights the most relevant limitations and designs a solution specifically addressing them. We introduce the one-shot learning paradigm into the specific domain and suitably extent it to (a) classify machine states, (b) detect novel ones, and (c) incorporate them in the class dictionary online. The backbone of the present system is a Siamese Neural Network (SNN) composed of convolutional layers. Conveniently, every processing stage depends on a standardized feature set free of domain knowledge, i.e. spectrograms. Interestingly, we enhance SNN’s classification ability by an appropriately designed data selection scheme. The proposed solution is applied on a publicly available dataset of vibration signals representing four states of a drill bit, i.e. healthy state, chisel wear, flank wear, and outer corner wear. After extensive experiments thoroughly examining every aspect of the proposed solution, it is shown to achieve state of the art results while using limited amount of training data. Importantly, at the same time it is able to operate under evolving environments. Last but not least, we show that the obtained predictions are interpretable, a property which is rapidly becoming a requirement in modern machine learning based technologies.
machine acoustics; machine health condition monitoring; one-shot learning; fault diagnosis; deep learning; online learning
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
6-apr-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/834674
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