BACKGROUND: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), a severe thrombotic microangiopathy, is often related to complement dysregulation, but the pathomechanisms remain unknown in at least 30% of patients. Researchers have described autoantibodies to complement factor H of the IgG class in 10% of patients with aHUS but have not reported anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class.METHODS: In 186 patients with thrombotic microangiopathy clinically presented as aHUS, we searched for anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class and those of the IgG and IgA classes. We used immunochromatography to purify anti-factor H IgM autoantibodies and immunoenzymatic methods and a competition assay with mapping mAbs to characterize interaction with the target protein.RESULTS: We detected anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class in seven of 186 (3.8%) patients with thrombotic microangiopathy presented as aHUS. No association was observed between anti-factor H IgM and homozygous deletions involving CFHR3-CFHR1. A significantly higher proportion of patients with bone marrow transplant-related thrombotic microangiopathy had anti-factor H IgM autoantibodies versus other patients with aHUS: three of 20 (15%) versus four of 166 (2.4%), respectively. The identified IgM autoantibodies recognize the SCR domain 19 of factor H molecule in all patients and interact with the factor H molecule, inhibiting its binding to C3b.CONCLUSIONS: Detectable autoantibodies to factor H of the IgM class may be present in patients with aHUS, and their frequency is six-fold higher in thrombotic microangiopathy forms associated with bone marrow transplant. The autoantibody interaction with factor H's active site may support an autoimmune mechanism in some cases previously considered to be of unknown origin.

IgM Autoantibodies to Complement Factor H in Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome / M. Cugno, S. Berra, F. Depetri, S. Tedeschi, S. Griffini, E. Grovetti, S. Caccia, D. Cresseri, P. Messa, S. Testa, F. Giglio, F. Peyvandi, G. Ardissino. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 1046-6673. - 32:5(2021 May 03), pp. 1227-1235.

IgM Autoantibodies to Complement Factor H in Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

M. Cugno
Primo
;
S. Berra
Secondo
;
F. Depetri;S. Griffini;S. Caccia;P. Messa;F. Peyvandi
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), a severe thrombotic microangiopathy, is often related to complement dysregulation, but the pathomechanisms remain unknown in at least 30% of patients. Researchers have described autoantibodies to complement factor H of the IgG class in 10% of patients with aHUS but have not reported anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class.METHODS: In 186 patients with thrombotic microangiopathy clinically presented as aHUS, we searched for anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class and those of the IgG and IgA classes. We used immunochromatography to purify anti-factor H IgM autoantibodies and immunoenzymatic methods and a competition assay with mapping mAbs to characterize interaction with the target protein.RESULTS: We detected anti-factor H autoantibodies of the IgM class in seven of 186 (3.8%) patients with thrombotic microangiopathy presented as aHUS. No association was observed between anti-factor H IgM and homozygous deletions involving CFHR3-CFHR1. A significantly higher proportion of patients with bone marrow transplant-related thrombotic microangiopathy had anti-factor H IgM autoantibodies versus other patients with aHUS: three of 20 (15%) versus four of 166 (2.4%), respectively. The identified IgM autoantibodies recognize the SCR domain 19 of factor H molecule in all patients and interact with the factor H molecule, inhibiting its binding to C3b.CONCLUSIONS: Detectable autoantibodies to factor H of the IgM class may be present in patients with aHUS, and their frequency is six-fold higher in thrombotic microangiopathy forms associated with bone marrow transplant. The autoantibody interaction with factor H's active site may support an autoimmune mechanism in some cases previously considered to be of unknown origin.
IgM; atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome; autoantibodies; complement; factor H; thrombotic microangiopathy; transplant associated thrombotic microangiopathy
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
12-mar-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/828781
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