Background: Mental disorders can impact on several aspects of the person and therefore also on nutritional models; the literature shows that psychiatric persons are at risk of malnutrition, but the available studies are limited, particularly in Italy. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition by defect and Metabolic Syndrome in inpatients in an acute Psychiatric unit. To evaluate the characteristics and food habits of the sample. Methods: Assessment of the risk of malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment Scale) and Metabolic Syndrome (APTIII criteria) by administering a new scale to all persons aged 18+ at admission in two inpatient units of a major teaching hospital in Milan, Italy. Findings: One Hundred one people were enrolled; 29.70% were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition by defect; Major Depressive Disorder, serum levels of albumin below range and low levels of appetite were significantly associated with malnutrition (p<0.05). 11.88% was suffering from Metabolic Syndrome, which was significantly associated (p<0.05) with Psychotic Disorder, high levels of appetite and junk food consumption (>4/week). Conclusions: The results highlighted the relevance of malnutrition in the psychiatric population and suggest the need for a systematic evaluation, in every clinical context as well as the key role of nurses.

Valutazione del rischio nutrizionale in persone affette da disturbo mentale ricoverate in un contesto psichiatrico acuto: uno studio italiano = Assessment of nutritional risk in persons with mental health disorders admitted to the acute psychiatric inpatient unit: an Italian study / J. Albieri, P. Ferrara, S. Terzoni, S. Salcuni, A. Destrebecq, O. Gambini. - In: PROFESSIONI INFERMIERISTICHE. - ISSN 0033-0205. - 73:3(2020 Dec), pp. 196-204. [10.7429/pi.2020.733196]

Valutazione del rischio nutrizionale in persone affette da disturbo mentale ricoverate in un contesto psichiatrico acuto: uno studio italiano = Assessment of nutritional risk in persons with mental health disorders admitted to the acute psychiatric inpatient unit: an Italian study

P. Ferrara
Secondo
Supervision
;
S. Terzoni
Formal Analysis
;
A. Destrebecq
Methodology
;
O. Gambini
Supervision
2020

Abstract

Background: Mental disorders can impact on several aspects of the person and therefore also on nutritional models; the literature shows that psychiatric persons are at risk of malnutrition, but the available studies are limited, particularly in Italy. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition by defect and Metabolic Syndrome in inpatients in an acute Psychiatric unit. To evaluate the characteristics and food habits of the sample. Methods: Assessment of the risk of malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment Scale) and Metabolic Syndrome (APTIII criteria) by administering a new scale to all persons aged 18+ at admission in two inpatient units of a major teaching hospital in Milan, Italy. Findings: One Hundred one people were enrolled; 29.70% were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition by defect; Major Depressive Disorder, serum levels of albumin below range and low levels of appetite were significantly associated with malnutrition (p<0.05). 11.88% was suffering from Metabolic Syndrome, which was significantly associated (p<0.05) with Psychotic Disorder, high levels of appetite and junk food consumption (>4/week). Conclusions: The results highlighted the relevance of malnutrition in the psychiatric population and suggest the need for a systematic evaluation, in every clinical context as well as the key role of nurses.
Mental health, Nutrition, nursing, Screening
Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/801607
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