To the best of our knowledge, no specific questionnaires on sports nutrition knowledge (NK) have been validated so far in Italian early adolescents. The aim of the present study was to validate a short (26-item) general and sports NK questionnaire in a group of Italian early adolescents. To this aim, the questionnaire was administered to 264 subjects for analysis of internal consistency, and in a subgroup (n = 39) for evaluating the reliability over time. The questionnaire revealed good overall internal consistency and reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.684) and a highly significant correlation over time (r = 0.977, p < 0.001). Comparison with other validated questionnaires is tricky, because the previous questionnaires were validated in different populations, such as middle or late adolescents or adults, with a higher number of items compared to our questionnaire. Furthermore, data on adolescent NK in Italy are very limited. This study provides a brief, feasible, and validated questionnaire that can be used for investigating sports NK in young subjects. It could be used for evaluating the efficacy of education on general and sports nutrition in both the general population and athletes, and for investigating the relationship between NK and different sports in early adolescence.

Validation of a general and sports nutrition knowledge questionnaire in Italian early adolescents / A. Rosi, C. Ferraris, M. Guglielmetti, E. Meroni, M. Charron, R. Menta, F. Manini, V. Di Gioia, D. Martini, D. Erba. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:10(2020 Oct 13), pp. 3121.1-3121.11. [10.3390/nu12103121]

Validation of a general and sports nutrition knowledge questionnaire in Italian early adolescents

Meroni E.;Manini F.;Martini D.;Erba D.
2020-10-13

Abstract

To the best of our knowledge, no specific questionnaires on sports nutrition knowledge (NK) have been validated so far in Italian early adolescents. The aim of the present study was to validate a short (26-item) general and sports NK questionnaire in a group of Italian early adolescents. To this aim, the questionnaire was administered to 264 subjects for analysis of internal consistency, and in a subgroup (n = 39) for evaluating the reliability over time. The questionnaire revealed good overall internal consistency and reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.684) and a highly significant correlation over time (r = 0.977, p < 0.001). Comparison with other validated questionnaires is tricky, because the previous questionnaires were validated in different populations, such as middle or late adolescents or adults, with a higher number of items compared to our questionnaire. Furthermore, data on adolescent NK in Italy are very limited. This study provides a brief, feasible, and validated questionnaire that can be used for investigating sports NK in young subjects. It could be used for evaluating the efficacy of education on general and sports nutrition in both the general population and athletes, and for investigating the relationship between NK and different sports in early adolescence.
Adolescents; Nutrition knowledge; Questionnaire; Sports nutrition
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
NUTRIENTS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/777192
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