The escalating emergence of resistant bacterial strains is one of the most important threats to human health. With the increasing incidence of multi-drugs infections, there is an urgent need to restock our antibiotic arsenal. Natural products are an invaluable source of inspiration in drug design and development. One of the most widely distributed groups of natural products in the plant kingdom is represented by stilbenoids. Stilbenoids are synthesised by plants as means of protection against pathogens, whereby the potential antimicrobial activity of this class of natural compounds has attracted great interest in the last years. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of recent achievements in the study of stilbenoids as antimicrobial agents, with particular emphasis on the sources, chemical structures, and the mechanism of action of the most promising natural compounds. Attention has been paid to the main structure modifications on the stilbenoid core that have expanded the antimicrobial activity with respect to the parent natural compounds, opening the possibility of their further development. The collected results highlight the therapeutic versatility of natural and synthetic resveratrol derivatives and provide a prospective insight into their potential development as antimicrobial agents.

Stilbenoids : A natural arsenal against bacterial pathogens / L.M. Mattio, G. Catinella, S. Dallavalle, A. Pinto. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:6(2020 Jun), pp. 336.1-336.40. [10.3390/antibiotics9060336]

Stilbenoids : A natural arsenal against bacterial pathogens

Mattio L. M.;Catinella G.;Dallavalle S.;Pinto A.
2020-06

Abstract

The escalating emergence of resistant bacterial strains is one of the most important threats to human health. With the increasing incidence of multi-drugs infections, there is an urgent need to restock our antibiotic arsenal. Natural products are an invaluable source of inspiration in drug design and development. One of the most widely distributed groups of natural products in the plant kingdom is represented by stilbenoids. Stilbenoids are synthesised by plants as means of protection against pathogens, whereby the potential antimicrobial activity of this class of natural compounds has attracted great interest in the last years. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of recent achievements in the study of stilbenoids as antimicrobial agents, with particular emphasis on the sources, chemical structures, and the mechanism of action of the most promising natural compounds. Attention has been paid to the main structure modifications on the stilbenoid core that have expanded the antimicrobial activity with respect to the parent natural compounds, opening the possibility of their further development. The collected results highlight the therapeutic versatility of natural and synthetic resveratrol derivatives and provide a prospective insight into their potential development as antimicrobial agents.
Antibacterial activity; Infectious diseases; Natural compounds; Resveratrol derivatives; Stilbenoids
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
ANTIBIOTICS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/768346
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