Mediastinal masses occur in dogs and cats and are often investigated with cytology. However, discrimination between the two most common lesions (thymoma and lymphoma) may be challenging, especially when small/medium lymphocytes represent the prevalent population. The aim of the present study is to describe the flow cytometric aspects of mediastinal masses in cats and to assess the ability of flow cytometry (FC) to differentiate lymphoma from non-lymphomatous lesions. We retrospectively describe FC features of fine needle aspiration cytology from cats with mediastinal masses. Cases were grouped in lymphoma and non-lymphoma based on results of cytology, histopathology, PCR for antigen receptor rearrangement (PARR), clinical presentation, and follow-up. Scatter properties, positivities to CD5, CD4, CD8, CD21, CD18, and their co-expressions were recorded using a multicolour approach. Twenty cats were included, 12 lymphomas and eight non-lymphomatous cases. Forward scatter (FSC) of lymphoid cells was higher in the lymphoma group. Double positive CD4+CD8+ T-cells were the dominant population in eight out of 12 lymphomas, whereas non-lymphomatous lesions showed no dominant lymphoid population in five out of eight cases. Unlike dogs, the high prevalence of CD4+CD8+ lymphomas in cats it makes difficult to differentiate lymphoma from non-lymphomatous lesions using FC alone. FC may add interesting information to refine diagnosis in some cases, but PARR and histopathology remain mandatory to solve differential in case of expansion of small–medium sized double positive lymphoid cells.

Flow Cytometric Analysis of Mediastinal Masses in Cats : A Retrospective Study / S. Bernardi, V. Martini, S. Perfetto, M. Cozzi, S. Comazzi. - In: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 2297-1769. - 7(2020 Aug 07), pp. 444.1-444.8. [10.3389/fvets.2020.00444]

Flow Cytometric Analysis of Mediastinal Masses in Cats : A Retrospective Study

S. Bernardi;V. Martini
;
M. Cozzi;S. Comazzi
2020

Abstract

Mediastinal masses occur in dogs and cats and are often investigated with cytology. However, discrimination between the two most common lesions (thymoma and lymphoma) may be challenging, especially when small/medium lymphocytes represent the prevalent population. The aim of the present study is to describe the flow cytometric aspects of mediastinal masses in cats and to assess the ability of flow cytometry (FC) to differentiate lymphoma from non-lymphomatous lesions. We retrospectively describe FC features of fine needle aspiration cytology from cats with mediastinal masses. Cases were grouped in lymphoma and non-lymphoma based on results of cytology, histopathology, PCR for antigen receptor rearrangement (PARR), clinical presentation, and follow-up. Scatter properties, positivities to CD5, CD4, CD8, CD21, CD18, and their co-expressions were recorded using a multicolour approach. Twenty cats were included, 12 lymphomas and eight non-lymphomatous cases. Forward scatter (FSC) of lymphoid cells was higher in the lymphoma group. Double positive CD4+CD8+ T-cells were the dominant population in eight out of 12 lymphomas, whereas non-lymphomatous lesions showed no dominant lymphoid population in five out of eight cases. Unlike dogs, the high prevalence of CD4+CD8+ lymphomas in cats it makes difficult to differentiate lymphoma from non-lymphomatous lesions using FC alone. FC may add interesting information to refine diagnosis in some cases, but PARR and histopathology remain mandatory to solve differential in case of expansion of small–medium sized double positive lymphoid cells.
cat; flow cytometry; lymphoma; mediastinal masses; thymocytes
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
7-ago-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/763743
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