Privileged structures have been widely used as an effective template for the research and discovery of high value chemicals. Coumarin is a simple scaffold widespread in Nature and it can be found in a considerable number of plants as well as in some fungi and bacteria. In the last years, these natural compounds have been gaining an increasing attention from the scientific community for their wide range of biological activities, mainly due to their ability to interact with diverse enzymes and receptors in living organisms. In addition, coumarin nucleus has proved to be easily synthetized and decorated, giving the possibility of designing new coumarin-based compounds and investigating their potential in the treatment of various diseases. The versatility of coumarin scaffold finds applications not only in medicinal chemistry but also in the agrochemical field as well as in the cosmetic and fragrances industry. This review is intended to be a critical overview on coumarins, comprehensive of natural sources, metabolites, biological evaluations and synthetic approaches.

An overview of coumarin as a versatile and readily accessible scaffold with broad-ranging biological activities / F. Annunziata, C. Pinna, S. Dallavalle, L. Tamborini, A. Pinto. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 21:13(2020 Jul), pp. 4618.1-4618.81. [10.3390/ijms21134618]

An overview of coumarin as a versatile and readily accessible scaffold with broad-ranging biological activities

F. Annunziata
Primo
;
C. Pinna
Secondo
;
S. Dallavalle;L. Tamborini
Penultimo
;
A. Pinto
Ultimo
Project Administration
2020

Abstract

Privileged structures have been widely used as an effective template for the research and discovery of high value chemicals. Coumarin is a simple scaffold widespread in Nature and it can be found in a considerable number of plants as well as in some fungi and bacteria. In the last years, these natural compounds have been gaining an increasing attention from the scientific community for their wide range of biological activities, mainly due to their ability to interact with diverse enzymes and receptors in living organisms. In addition, coumarin nucleus has proved to be easily synthetized and decorated, giving the possibility of designing new coumarin-based compounds and investigating their potential in the treatment of various diseases. The versatility of coumarin scaffold finds applications not only in medicinal chemistry but also in the agrochemical field as well as in the cosmetic and fragrances industry. This review is intended to be a critical overview on coumarins, comprehensive of natural sources, metabolites, biological evaluations and synthetic approaches.
Biological activity; Coumarins; Metabolites; Natural sources; Synthesis
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
lug-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/752766
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