This work considered lycopene (lyc) amount and (all-E)-lyc:Z-lyc (E:Z) ratio as driving parameters of the tomato pomace (TP) supercritical CO2 extraction (SFE_CO2) performance. By testing lyc concentrations solubilization in tomato seed oil and E:Z ratios of 75:25, 59:39 and 25:75, full and partial equations (SE) were calculated. The application of mass balances to experimental TP_SFE_CO2 highlighted an extraction yield of 84.6% TP lyc, although the recovery into the extract was 48.4% of the extracted lyc (lyc = .1339 μg g−1 oil). The SE application to TP_SFE_CO2 data confirmed that partial solubilization mainly depended on oil availability vs. lyc amount. Thus an improved TP_SFE_CO2 was designed in which 703 g of exogenous tomato oil will be fluxed from the co-solvent tank: the new process will produce 884 g kg−1 d.m. of extract with an expected recovery of 99.3% of the extractable lyc (lyc = .502 μg g−1 oil).
Supercritical CO2 extraction of tomato pomace : evaluation of the solubility of lycopene in tomato oil as limiting factor of the process performance / P. Squillace, F. Adani, B. Scaglia. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 315(2020 Jun 15), pp. 126224.1-126224.11.
|Titolo:||Supercritical CO2 extraction of tomato pomace : evaluation of the solubility of lycopene in tomato oil as limiting factor of the process performance|
SQUILLACE, PIETRO (Primo)
ADANI, FABRIZIO (Secondo)
SCAGLIA, BARBARA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||aggregates; carotenoids; Co-solvent; E:Z-isomerization; solanum lycopersicum; solubility model|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Progetto:||Piattaforma per lo sviluppo di prodotti a basso impatto ambientale per la filiera del Beauty Fashion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-giu-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||23-gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126224|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|