This study aims to describe the native microbiota of fermented spelt, taking into consideration both lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts, for which little data are available. Five samples of commercial spelt flour were subjected to spontaneous fermentation to obtain a type I sourdough. A total of 186 LAB and 174 yeast isolates were selected at different refreshment steps and subjected to further analyses. Within LAB, coccal isolates constituted 78·5% of the total LAB, with the dominance of Pediococcus pentosaceus. Although documented before as a component, this is the first report of a spelt sourdough fermentation dominated by this homofermentative LAB, characterized by a high acidification rate, ability to utilize a wide range of carbon sources and to grow in high osmolarity conditions. Yeast communities resulted in four dominant species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Pichia fermentans and Clavispora lusitaniae. This study highlights for the first time the biodiversity and dynamics of yeast communities involved in sourdough fermentation of spelt. Compared to commercial baker's yeast, autochthonous W. anomalus, P. fermentans and S. cerevisiae isolates show a good performance, and their use could be an advantage for their acquired adaptation to the environment, providing stability to the fermentation process. Significance and Impact of the Study: Nowadays, there is a renewed interest in products based on spelt. This ‘ancient grain’ is a highly nutritional grain; however, its use is limited to bread-making processes, which are not standardized. The low baking and sensory quality of spelt can be overcome through fermentation processes. However, the autochthonous microbiota of spelt sourdough is poorly known. This study highlights the dynamics of microbial communities involved in sourdough fermentation of spelt and provides the basis for the selection of autochthonous cultures, with the aim of improving the nutritional potential of spelt and its rheology and bread-making properties.
Microbial consortia involved in fermented spelt sourdoughs : dynamics and characterization of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria / D. Korcari, G. Ricci, M. Quattrini, M.G. Fortina. - In: LETTERS IN APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0266-8254. - 70:1(2020 Jan), pp. 48-54.
|Titolo:||Microbial consortia involved in fermented spelt sourdoughs : dynamics and characterization of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria|
KORCARI, DEA (Primo)
QUATTRINI, MATTIA (Penultimo)
FORTINA, MARIA GRAZIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||characterization; lactic acid bacteria; molecular identification; sourdough microbiota; spelt; yeasts|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.13241|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|