OBJECTIVE: Modern neuroanatomic education should be based on interdisciplinary methods that allow an understanding of the cerebral circuitry, which is at the base of the structural connectivity. Ex-vivo MRI-guided dissection is an essential method for developing and refining the knowledge of complex 3-dimensional brain anatomy and the mutual relationships between structures and architecture of the white matter bundles. The aim of this technical note is to present a new and innovative method of studying human brain white matter. - METHODS: Four adult human cerebral hemispheres were prepared according to the Klinger’s method. T1- weighted and T2-weighted and fluid attenuated inversion recovery images were obtained with a 3T magnetic resonance machine. The dissection was performed in a dedicated neurosurgical laboratory equipped with a microscope and an electromagnetic neuronavigation system that guided the whole white matter dissection. - RESULTS: Gyri and sulci morphology were studied in detail. The relations between superficial and inner structures were observed before and after the dissection. Gray matter was carefully removed with blunt dissectors, and the U-fibers were exposed. Afterwards, deeper association and projection fibers, such as the arcuate fasciculus, superior and inferior longitudinal fasciculus, corona radiata, extreme and external capsule, claustrum, anterior commissure, and internal capsule were visualized under high magnification. The neuronavigation system was crucial for continuously checking the whole dissection procedure to avoid any accidental excision of fibers. - CONCLUSION: Image-guided neuronavigated dissection can significantly improve the quality of white matter dissection and represents a valid tool for learning the 3- dimensional anatomy of the human brain tracts.
Real-Time Ex-Vivo MR Image-Guided Dissection of Human Brain White-Matter: A Proof-of-Principle Study / G. Bertolini, E. La Corte, D. Aquino, E. Greco, Z. Rossini, A. Cardia, F. Nicolosi, D. Bauer, M.G. Bruzzone, P. Ferroli, G. Serrao. - In: WORLD NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 1878-8750. - 125(2019 May), pp. 198-206.
|Titolo:||Real-Time Ex-Vivo MR Image-Guided Dissection of Human Brain White-Matter: A Proof-of-Principle Study|
|Parole Chiave:||Hodology; Human Brain Anatomy; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Neuronavigation White Matter|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||10-feb-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.196|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|