Both cysteinyl-leukotrienes and extracellular nucleotides mediate inflammatory responses via specific G-protein-coupled receptors, the CysLT and the P2Y receptors, respectively. Since these mediators accumulate at sites of inflammation, and inflammatory cells express both classes of receptors, their responses are likely to be crossregulated. We investigated the molecular basis of desensitization and trafficking of the CysLT(1) receptor constitutively and transiently expressed in the human monocyte/macrophage-like U937 or COS-7 cells in response to LTD(4) or nucleotides. Exposure to agonist induced a rapid homologous desensitization of the CysLT(1) receptor [as measured by the reduction in the maximal agonist-induced intracellular cytosolic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) transient], followed by receptor internalization (as assessed by equilibrium binding and confocal microscopy). Activation of P2Y receptors with ATP or UDP induced heterologous desensitization of the CysLT(1) receptor. Conversely, LTD(4)-induced CysLT(1) receptor activation had no effect on P2Y receptor responses, which suggests that the latter have a hierarchy in producing desensitizing signals. Furthermore, ATP/UDP-induced CysLT(1) receptor desensitization was unable to cause receptor internalization, induced a faster recovery of CysLT(1) functionality and was dependent upon protein kinase C. By contrast, homologous desensitization, which is probably dependent upon G-protein-receptor kinase 2 activation, induced a fast receptor downregulation and, accordingly, a slower recovery of CysLT(1) functionality. Hence, CysLT(1) receptor desensitization and trafficking are differentially regulated by the CysLT(1) cognate ligand or by extracellular nucleotides. This crosstalk may have a profound physiological implication in the regulation of responses at sites of inflammation, and may represent just an example of a feedback mechanism used by cells to fine-tune their responses.
CysLT1 receptor is a target for extracellular nucleotide-induced heterologous desensitization: a possible feedback mechanism in inflammation / V. Capra, S. Ravasi, M.R. Accomazzo, S. Citro, M. Grimoldi, M.P. Abbracchio, G.E. Rovati. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - 118:23(2005), pp. 5625-5636.
|Titolo:||CysLT1 receptor is a target for extracellular nucleotide-induced heterologous desensitization: a possible feedback mechanism in inflammation|
CAPRA, VALERIE CAROLINE (Primo)
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Penultimo)
ROVATI, GIANENRICO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||CysLT1 receptor, heterologous desensitization, extracellular nucleotides, inflammation, U937 cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jcs.02668|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|