Growth impairment has been reported in children with food allergies (FA). However, the available data on the dietary intake of FA children are controversial, and no data are available on their resting energy expenditure (REE). The aim of this study was to test whether REE differs between FA and healthy children. In this study, 30 FA children were matched by sex and age, with 31 healthy controls using coarsened exact matching (CEM). Their REE was measured by indirect calorimetry (IC). Energy and macronutrient intake were evaluated using a three-day dietary record. Between-group comparisons were performed by robust median regression using CEM-related weights. The association of REE with allergies was also evaluated using robust median regression models. Anthropometric measurements, REE, and nutrient intake were similar in FA children and matched controls. Taking into account the association of REE with gender and age, a statistically significant but biologically negligible association was detected between median REE and allergy status (+9% in FA children). In conclusion, we did not find any biologically relevant difference in REE, anthropometry, and dietary intake in children with FA compared to healthy children.

Growth Pattern, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Nutrient Intake of Children with Food Allergies / E. D’Auria, V. Fabiano, S. Bertoli, G. Bedogni, A. Bosetti, E. Pendezza, M.U.A. Sartorio, A. Leone, A. Spadafranca, B. Borsani, F. Stucchi, A. Battezzati, G.V. Zuccotti. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - (2019 Jan).

Growth Pattern, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Nutrient Intake of Children with Food Allergies

E. D’Auria;V. Fabiano;S. Bertoli;G. Bedogni;E. Pendezza;M.U.A. Sartorio;A. Leone;A. Spadafranca;B. Borsani;F. Stucchi;A. Battezzati;G.V. Zuccotti
2019-01

Abstract

Growth impairment has been reported in children with food allergies (FA). However, the available data on the dietary intake of FA children are controversial, and no data are available on their resting energy expenditure (REE). The aim of this study was to test whether REE differs between FA and healthy children. In this study, 30 FA children were matched by sex and age, with 31 healthy controls using coarsened exact matching (CEM). Their REE was measured by indirect calorimetry (IC). Energy and macronutrient intake were evaluated using a three-day dietary record. Between-group comparisons were performed by robust median regression using CEM-related weights. The association of REE with allergies was also evaluated using robust median regression models. Anthropometric measurements, REE, and nutrient intake were similar in FA children and matched controls. Taking into account the association of REE with gender and age, a statistically significant but biologically negligible association was detected between median REE and allergy status (+9% in FA children). In conclusion, we did not find any biologically relevant difference in REE, anthropometry, and dietary intake in children with FA compared to healthy children.
resting energy expenditure; indirect calorimetry; food allergy; food intake; children
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
nutrients-11-00212.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 235.83 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
235.83 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/626775
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact