Background & Aims: Serum cryoglobulins (CGs) are present in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but their long-term clinical importance has not been established. We assessed the development rates, morbidity, and influence on the evolutionary course of hepatitis C of CG. Methods: A cohort of 343 HCV-RNA seropositive outpatients (173 men; age, 58 y; 82 with cirrhosis; 61 treated with interferon) with persistently increased aminotransferase levels and histologically defined liver disease was investigated. Patients initially were investigated for the presence, amount, and type of CG and prospectively followed up with clinical and laboratory examinations every 6 months. Results: At enrollment, CGs were found in 163 (47%) patients at a mean level of 173 +/- 142 mg/L; 80% were type III, and associated to female sex (61% vs 40%, P =.0002) and cirrhosis (29% vs 19%, P =.04). Over the course of 17-130 months (median, 116 mo), de novo CG developed in 25 patients (2.3% per year), including 5 with cryoglobulinemic syndrome (.3% per year). The 10year rates of progression to cirrhosis and of liver and extrahepatic complications were similar in CG (+) and CG (-) patients (32% vs 34%; 23% vs 16%; 5% vs 3%). The 10-year survival rates were lower for cirrhotic than for noncirrhotic patients (57% vs 91%, P <.00001), independently of CGs. Conclusions: CGs are common in patients with chronic HCV infection, mainly are type III, and do not influence the clinical course of hepatitis C during the first decades, except for the few rare cases of cryoglobulinernic syndrome.
Natural history and clinical impact of cryoglobulins in chronic hepatitis C : 10-year prospective study of 343 patients / M. Viganò, P. Lampertico, M.G. Rumi, C. Folli L. Maggioni, A. Morabito, E. Del Ninno, M. Cicardi, M. Colombo. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - 133:3(2007 Sep), pp. 835-842.
|Titolo:||Natural history and clinical impact of cryoglobulins in chronic hepatitis C : 10-year prospective study of 343 patients|
VIGANO', MAURO (Primo)
LAMPERTICO, PIETRO (Secondo)
COLOMBO, MASSIMO GIUSEPPE (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||non-Hodgkins-lymphoma ; virus-infection ; mixed cryoglobulinemia ; liver-disease ; serum cryoglobulins ; HCV infection ; fibrosis ; prevalence ; manifestations ; progression|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2007.06.064|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|