BackgroundBreast cancers that harbor mismatch-repair (MMR) deficiency and/or microsatellite instability (MSI) might be sensitive to immune checkpoint blockade, but there are currently no specific guidelines for assessing MMR status in breast cancer. Here, we sought to define the clinical value of MMR immunohistochemistry (IHC) and MSI analysis in breast cancers.MethodsWe subjected 444 breast cancers to MMR IHC and MSI analysis. Cases were classified as MMR-proficient (pMMR), MMR-deficient (dMMR), and MMR-heterogeneous (hMMR) based on the loss of immunoreactivity; MSI was defined by instability in the five indicators recommended by the National Cancer Institute for endometrial and colorectal cancers. Correlation of MMR status with patients’ survival was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Statistical tests were two-sided.ResultsLoss of MMR proteins was homogeneous (dMMR) in 75 patients (17%) and heterogeneous (hMMR) in 55 (12%). Among luminal breast cancers, there were similar frequencies of dMMR and hMMR tumors. Overall, the rate of discrepancy between IHC and MSI analysis was high (91%). Women with Luminal B-like dMMR carcinomas (n = 44) showed shorter overall survival (median = 77 months, range = 0–115 months) than those with pMMR (n = 205) or hMMR (n = 35) tumors (median = 84 months, range = 0–127 months) (P = .008). On the contrary, patients with estrogen receptor-negative breast cancers treated with chemotherapy lived longer in cases of dMMR (n = 9) than pMMR (n = 33) or hMMR (n = 7) tumors, with 87 months of median survival (range = 73–123 months) for the former compared with 79 months (range = 8–113 months) for the latter two categories (P < .001).ConclusionsImmunohistochemistry and MSI are not interchangeable tests in breast carcinomas. MMR protein loss is a more common event than MSI and shows intra-tumor heterogeneity. MMR IHC allows the identification of clinically relevant subclasses of breast cancer patients, provided that multiple areas of the tumor are analyzed.

Mismatch repair protein loss as a prognostic and predictive biomarker in breast cancers regardless of microsatellite instability / N. Fusco, G. Lopez, C. Corti, C. Pesenti, P. Colapietro, G. Ercoli, G. Gaudioso, A. Faversani, D. Gambini, A. Michelotti, L. Despini, C. Blundo, V. Vaira, M. Miozzo, S. Ferrero, S. Bosari. - In: JNCI CANCER SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2515-5091. - 2:4(2018 Dec 13), pp. pky056.1-pky056.8. [10.1093/jncics/pky056]

Mismatch repair protein loss as a prognostic and predictive biomarker in breast cancers regardless of microsatellite instability

N. Fusco
Primo
;
G. Lopez;C. Corti;C. Pesenti;P. Colapietro;G. Gaudioso;A. Faversani;V. Vaira;M. Miozzo;S. Ferrero;S. Bosari
2018

Abstract

BackgroundBreast cancers that harbor mismatch-repair (MMR) deficiency and/or microsatellite instability (MSI) might be sensitive to immune checkpoint blockade, but there are currently no specific guidelines for assessing MMR status in breast cancer. Here, we sought to define the clinical value of MMR immunohistochemistry (IHC) and MSI analysis in breast cancers.MethodsWe subjected 444 breast cancers to MMR IHC and MSI analysis. Cases were classified as MMR-proficient (pMMR), MMR-deficient (dMMR), and MMR-heterogeneous (hMMR) based on the loss of immunoreactivity; MSI was defined by instability in the five indicators recommended by the National Cancer Institute for endometrial and colorectal cancers. Correlation of MMR status with patients’ survival was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Statistical tests were two-sided.ResultsLoss of MMR proteins was homogeneous (dMMR) in 75 patients (17%) and heterogeneous (hMMR) in 55 (12%). Among luminal breast cancers, there were similar frequencies of dMMR and hMMR tumors. Overall, the rate of discrepancy between IHC and MSI analysis was high (91%). Women with Luminal B-like dMMR carcinomas (n = 44) showed shorter overall survival (median = 77 months, range = 0–115 months) than those with pMMR (n = 205) or hMMR (n = 35) tumors (median = 84 months, range = 0–127 months) (P = .008). On the contrary, patients with estrogen receptor-negative breast cancers treated with chemotherapy lived longer in cases of dMMR (n = 9) than pMMR (n = 33) or hMMR (n = 7) tumors, with 87 months of median survival (range = 73–123 months) for the former compared with 79 months (range = 8–113 months) for the latter two categories (P < .001).ConclusionsImmunohistochemistry and MSI are not interchangeable tests in breast carcinomas. MMR protein loss is a more common event than MSI and shows intra-tumor heterogeneity. MMR IHC allows the identification of clinically relevant subclasses of breast cancer patients, provided that multiple areas of the tumor are analyzed.
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
13-dic-2018
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/608184
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