The most recent scientific evidence supports the consumption of cow’s milk and dairy products as part of a balanced diet. However, these days, the public and practicing physicans are exposed to a stream of inconsistent (and often misleading) information regarding the relationship between cow’s milk intake and health in the lay press and in the media. The purpose of this article, in this context, is to facilitate doctor–patient communication on this topic, providing physicians with a series of structured answers to frequently asked patient questions. The answers range from milk and milk-derived products’ nutritional function across the life span, to their relationship with diseases such as osteoporosis and cancer, to lactose intolerance and milk allergy, and have been prepared by a panel of experts from the Italian medical and nutritional scientific community. When consumed according to appropriate national guidelines, milk and its derivatives contribute essential micro- and macronutrients to the diet, especially in infancy and childhood where bone mass growth is in a critical phase. Furthermore, preliminary evidence suggests potentially protective effects of milk against overweight, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, while no clear data suggest a significant association between milk intake and cancer. Overall, current scientific literature suggests that an appropriate consumption of milk and its derivatives, according to available nutritional guidelines, may be beneficial across all age groups, with the exception of specific medical conditions such as lactose intolerance or milk protein allergy.

Cow’s Milk Consumption and Health : A Health Professional’s Guide / F. Marangoni, L. Pellegrino, E. Verduci, A. Ghiselli, R. Bernabei, R. Calvani, I. Cetin, M. Giampietro, F. Perticone, L. Piretta, R. Giacco, C. La Vecchia, M.L. Brandi, D. Ballardini, G. Banderali, S. Bellentani, G. Canzone, C. Cricelli, P. Faggiano, N. Ferrara, E. Flachi, S. Gonnelli, C. Macca, P. Magni, G. Marelli, W. Marrocco, V.L. Miniello, C. Origo, F. Pietrantonio, P. Silvestri, R. Stella, P. Strazzullo, E. Troiano, A. Poli. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NUTRITION. - ISSN 0731-5724. - 38:3(2019 Apr), pp. 197-208. [10.1080/07315724.2018.1491016]

Cow’s Milk Consumption and Health : A Health Professional’s Guide

F. Marangoni;L. Pellegrino;E. Verduci;I. Cetin;C. La Vecchia;N. Ferrara;P. Magni;V.L. Miniello;
2019-04

Abstract

The most recent scientific evidence supports the consumption of cow’s milk and dairy products as part of a balanced diet. However, these days, the public and practicing physicans are exposed to a stream of inconsistent (and often misleading) information regarding the relationship between cow’s milk intake and health in the lay press and in the media. The purpose of this article, in this context, is to facilitate doctor–patient communication on this topic, providing physicians with a series of structured answers to frequently asked patient questions. The answers range from milk and milk-derived products’ nutritional function across the life span, to their relationship with diseases such as osteoporosis and cancer, to lactose intolerance and milk allergy, and have been prepared by a panel of experts from the Italian medical and nutritional scientific community. When consumed according to appropriate national guidelines, milk and its derivatives contribute essential micro- and macronutrients to the diet, especially in infancy and childhood where bone mass growth is in a critical phase. Furthermore, preliminary evidence suggests potentially protective effects of milk against overweight, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, while no clear data suggest a significant association between milk intake and cancer. Overall, current scientific literature suggests that an appropriate consumption of milk and its derivatives, according to available nutritional guidelines, may be beneficial across all age groups, with the exception of specific medical conditions such as lactose intolerance or milk protein allergy.
cow’s milk; calcium; lactose; cardiovascular disease; metabolic syndrome; cancer
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
24-set-2018
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/591059
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