Coffee is the second traded food commodity in the world. Beyond roasted seeds, the most part of the original fruit -and in particular pulp- is discarded as waste, with severe environmental and economic consequences in many developing countries. Our research focused on developing an eco-friendly extraction protocol of phytocomplexes from coffee pulp and evaluating their bioactivity and beneficial effects to human health as food supplements. Antioxidant activity assays (Folin-Ciocalteu and DPPH assays) were adopted to select the most effective extraction technique and results show antioxidant activity of coffee pulp extracts. After analysis of cytotoxicity on human epithelial gastric cells, measurements of IL-8 release of treated or pre-treated cells were performed. Results showed that the use of soft technical equipment and sustainable solvents (i.e. maceration process, aqueous extraction) can extract phytocomplexes with antioxidant properties. Moreover, IL-8 measurements showed impairment of this chemokine release at concentrations that may be reached in vivo in the gastrointestinal tract, following consumption of reasonable amount of extract. Pre-treatments analysis demonstrated the ability of coffee pulp extracts to prevent IL-8 release by gastric epithelial cells. Chemical evaluation performed by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry showed that quinic acid derivatives are abundant in coffee pulp extract together with procyanidins derivatives: those compounds might be responsible for the high biological activity. This evidence supports future applications of coffee pulp extracts as food supplement with high added value, starting from a waste that can be valorized through simple yet efficient extraction methods.
Valorizing coffee pulp by-products as anti-inflammatory ingredient of food supplements acting on IL-8 release / C. Magoni, I. Bruni, L. Guzzetti, M. Dell'Agli, E. Sangiovanni, S. Piazza, M.E. Regonesi, M. Maldini, R. Spezzano, D. Caruso, M. Labra. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 112(2018 Oct), pp. 129-135. ((Intervento presentato al IV. convegno Special section on Fourth International Conference on Cocoa, Coffee and Tea 2017 (CoCoTea 2017) tenutosi a Turin nel 2017.
|Titolo:||Valorizing coffee pulp by-products as anti-inflammatory ingredient of food supplements acting on IL-8 release|
|Parole Chiave:||Coffee; Phytocomplex; Antioxidant; Anti-inflammatory; Food supplement; Nutraceutical|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||12-giu-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.06.026|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|