AIM: To evaluate the effects of gliadin on the oxidative environment in the "in vivo-like" model of a three-dimensional cell culture system. METHODS: LoVo cell line (intestinal adenocarcinoma) multicellular spheroids were treated with digested gliadin (with albumin used as a control). Spheroid volumes, cell viability and morphology, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, content of reduced glutathione (GSH) and activity of GSH-related enzymes were examined. The data were statistically analyzed using the Student's t-test. was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Gliadin reduced cell viability (from 20% to 60%) and led to morphological alterations characterized by apoptotic findings and cytoskeletal injuries. LDH activity increased. The content of GSH reduced (-20% vs controls), and activity of GSH-related enzymes was significantly inhibited. CONCLUSION: Gliadin treatment induces an imbalance in the antioxidative mechanism of cells cultured by the three-dimensional technique. This alteration may explain the cell damage directly caused by gliadin and the subsequent morphological abnormalities.
Damaging effects of gliadin on three-dimensional cell culture model / E. Dolfini, L. Elli, L.R. Roncoroni, B. Costa, M. Colleoni, V. Lorusso, S. Ramponi, P. Braidotti, S. Ferrero, M.L. Falini, M.T. Bardella. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 1007-9327. - 11:38(2005 Oct 14), pp. 5973-5977.
|Titolo:||Damaging effects of gliadin on three-dimensional cell culture model|
DOLFINI, ERSILIA (Primo)
ELLI, LUCA (Secondo)
FALINI, MARIA LETIZIA (Penultimo)
BARDELLA, MARIA TERESA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||gliadin ; celiac disease ; cytotoxicity ; multicellular spheroids|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||14-ott-2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|