A number of N-2-alkyl and N-2-acyl derivatives of guanosine 5'-phosphate (GMP) have been synthesized and tested for their synergistic effect with monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), the prototypical substance imparting umami taste to savory-based foods. Capacities to enhance the taste intensity of MSG (gamma values) were estimated through subjective comparisons of MSG/nucleotide mixtures in water with appropriate solutions of MSG alone. Assuming beta = gamma[nucleotide]/gamma[IMP], beta values of the N-2-substituted GMPs were found in the range 1.2-5.7. Such values appear to be related to the chain length of the substituent in the 2-position of the purine nucleus and dependent on the replacement of a CH2 group with an S atom and/or with an alpha-CO group. These findings indicate that the exocyclic NHR group of the guanine moiety is actively implicated in the synergism between GMP derivatives and MSG. Theoretical calculations suggest that an anti conformation is probably assumed by ribonucleotide molecules interacting with umami receptors.
Studies on Umami Taste. Synthesis of New Guanosine 5'-Phosphate Derivatives and Their Synergistic Effect with Monosodium Glutamate / P. Cairoli, S. Pieraccini, M. Sironi, C. Morelli, G. Speranza, P.M. Manitto. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 56:3(2008), pp. 1043-1050.
|Titolo:||Studies on Umami Taste. Synthesis of New Guanosine 5'-Phosphate Derivatives and Their Synergistic Effect with Monosodium Glutamate|
CAIROLI, PAOLA (Primo)
PIERACCINI, STEFANO (Secondo)
SPERANZA, GIOVANNA (Penultimo)
MANITTO, PAOLO MARIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||umami; guanosine 5'-phosphate; monosodium glutamate; 5'-ribonucleosides; 5'-ribonucleotides; MSG enhancement; sensory test; conformational analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf072803c|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|