Background: In Europe, almost 87.6 million tonnes of food waste are produced. Despite the high biological value of food waste, traditional management solutions do not consider it as a precious resource. Many studies have reported the use of food waste for the production of high added value molecules. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) represent a class of interesting bio-polyesters accumulated by different bacterial cells, and has been proposed for production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW). Nevertheless, until now, no attention has been paid to the entire biological process leading to the transformation of food waste to organic acids (OA) and then to PHA, getting high PHA yield per food waste unit. In particular, the acid-generating process needs to be optimized, maximizing OA production from OFMSW. To do so, a pilot-scale Anaerobic Percolation Biocell Reactor (100 L in volume) was used to produce an OA-rich percolate from OFMSW which was used subsequently to produce PHA. Results: The optimized acidogenic process resulted in an OA production of 151 g kg-1 from fresh OFMSW. The subsequent optimization of PHA production from OA gave a PHA production, on average, of 223 ± 28 g kg-1 total OA fed. Total mass balance indicated, for the best case studied, a PHA production per OFMSW weight unit of 33.22 ± 4.2 g kg-1 from fresh OFMSW, corresponding to 114.4 ± 14.5 g kg-1 of total solids from OFMSW. PHA composition revealed a hydroxybutyrate/hydroxyvalerate (%) ratio of 53/47 and Mw of 8105 kDa with a low polydispersity index, i.e. 1.4. Conclusions: This work showed how by optimizing acidic fermentation it could be possible to get a large amount of OA from OFMSW to be then transformed into PHA. This step is important as it greatly affects the total final PHA yield. Data obtained in this work can be useful as the starting point for considering the economic feasibility of PHA production from OFMSW by using mixed culture.

Enhanced polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste by using mixed microbial culture / B. Colombo, F. Favini, B. Scaglia, T. Pepè Sciarria, G. D'Imporzano, M. Pognani, A. Alekseeva, G. Eisele, C. Cosentino, F. Adani. - In: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS. - ISSN 1754-6834. - 10:1(2017 Aug 22).

Enhanced polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste by using mixed microbial culture

B. Colombo;FAVINI, FRANCESCA;B. Scaglia;T. Pepè Sciarria;G. D'Imporzano;POGNANI, MICHELE;ALEKSEEVA, ANNA;F. Adani
2017-08-22

Abstract

Background: In Europe, almost 87.6 million tonnes of food waste are produced. Despite the high biological value of food waste, traditional management solutions do not consider it as a precious resource. Many studies have reported the use of food waste for the production of high added value molecules. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) represent a class of interesting bio-polyesters accumulated by different bacterial cells, and has been proposed for production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW). Nevertheless, until now, no attention has been paid to the entire biological process leading to the transformation of food waste to organic acids (OA) and then to PHA, getting high PHA yield per food waste unit. In particular, the acid-generating process needs to be optimized, maximizing OA production from OFMSW. To do so, a pilot-scale Anaerobic Percolation Biocell Reactor (100 L in volume) was used to produce an OA-rich percolate from OFMSW which was used subsequently to produce PHA. Results: The optimized acidogenic process resulted in an OA production of 151 g kg-1 from fresh OFMSW. The subsequent optimization of PHA production from OA gave a PHA production, on average, of 223 ± 28 g kg-1 total OA fed. Total mass balance indicated, for the best case studied, a PHA production per OFMSW weight unit of 33.22 ± 4.2 g kg-1 from fresh OFMSW, corresponding to 114.4 ± 14.5 g kg-1 of total solids from OFMSW. PHA composition revealed a hydroxybutyrate/hydroxyvalerate (%) ratio of 53/47 and Mw of 8105 kDa with a low polydispersity index, i.e. 1.4. Conclusions: This work showed how by optimizing acidic fermentation it could be possible to get a large amount of OA from OFMSW to be then transformed into PHA. This step is important as it greatly affects the total final PHA yield. Data obtained in this work can be useful as the starting point for considering the economic feasibility of PHA production from OFMSW by using mixed culture.
aerobic dynamic feeding strategy; anaerobic percolation biocell reactor; mixed microbial culture; municipal solid waste; polyhydroxyalkanoate; sequencing batch reactor
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/523680
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