BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Progranulin (PGRN) expression is increased in activated microglia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, suggesting a potential role in this pathology. METHODS: A mutation scanning of exons and flanking regions of PGRN was carried out in 120 patients with sporadic frontotemporal lobar degeneration and 145 with sporadic AD. RESULTS: Amongst variants not yet deposited, a novel allelic variant was identified in Exon 1 (g100169G > A). It leads to an amino acidic change (p.Gly35Arg) and was observed in a patient with late onset AD. In silico analysis predicted that this mutation is possibly damaging. A second variant (g.100165C > T), resulting in a silent mutation (pAsp33Asp), was found in a patient with semantic dementia and in another with early onset AD. Both variants were absent in 226 controls. In addition, two rare non-pathogenic variants lying very close to PGRN splice-site regions (IVS2 + 7-->G > A and IVS7 + 7-->G > A) were observed. Transcriptional analysis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients demonstrated they do not affect exon splicing. CONCLUSIONS: A novel putative PGRN mutation leading to an amino acidic substitution was identified in a patient with clinical AD.
|Titolo:||Novel exon 1 progranulin gene variant in Alzheimer’s disease|
|Parole Chiave:||allelic variant ; Alzheimer's disease ; frontotemporal lobar degeneration ; mutation ; polymorphism ; progranulin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02266.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|