Introduction The Notch pathway is dysregulated in multiple myeloma (MM), due to the hyperexpression of Notch receptors and Jag1/2 ligands. This alteration affects MM cell biology and improves the ability of MM cell to shape the bone marrow (BM) niche inducing a supportive behavior that promotes tumor progression.
 BM niche alterations include an increased osteolytic activity results in bone disease which affects patients quality of
 life and promotes tumor growth and survival, contributing to the fatal outcome of MM. Notch has been reported as a key regulator of bone tissue remodeling. The aim of this work was to study the role of Notch signaling in MM-associated bone disease and, specifically, to verify the effect of Notch signaling activated by the two dysregulated ligands, Jag1 and 2. 
Methods The experiments took advantage of cell lines as well as primary cells including MM cells, osteoclasts (OCLs) and BM stromal cells (BMSCs). OCL differentiation was induced for 5-7days cells by: i) adding 50ng/ml RANKL, ii) co-culturing with MM cells or iii) addition of MM cell lines conditioned media (CM). OCLs were enumerated by TRAP staining. Notch signaling was inhibited by the g-secretase inhibitor, 25-50 mM DAPT, or by Jag1-2 silencing performed using the RNAiTM siRNA system (Invitrogen). Quantitative PCR reactions were carried with MaximaTM SYBR Green qPCR Master Mix.
 RANKL was quantified by ELISA and flow cytometry. 
Results Our findings indicate that Notch activity induces the autonomous release of the osteoclastogenic factor RANKL by MM cells, inducing OCLs differentiation and osteolytic activity.
 In addition, MM-derived Jag1-2 directly activate the pro-osteoclastogenic Notch signaling in the neighboring OCL progenitors, thereby boosting their differentiation.
 Finally, MM cell-derived Jag1-2 activate Notch signaling in BM stromal cells (BMSCs), which, in turn, enhance the osteoclastogenic potential of MM cells, by boosting their secretion of RANKL.
 Conclusion: This study provides the first evidence that Jag1 and 
2 ligands aberrantly expressed by MM cells shape the BM niche and foster MM-induced OCLs differentiation and bone resorption activity. Our results suggest that inhibiting the engagement between the Jag1-2 ligands expressed by MM cells and Notch receptors may prevent MM-associated bone disease. This evidence strengthen the rational of a molecular therapy in MM myeloma directed to Notch ligands, Jag1 and 2.

Notch signaling dysregulation promotes multiple myeloma-associated bone disease / S. Garavelli, M. Colombo, K. Thümmler, L. Apicella, M. Lancellotti, E. Lazzari, K. Todoerti, R. Soutar, N. Platonova, M. Akbar, C. Goodyear, A. Neri, R. Chiaramonte. - In: CLINICAL LYMPHOMA MYELOMA & LEUKEMIA. - ISSN 2152-2650. - 15:Suppl. 3(2015 Sep), pp. PO-265.e233-PO-265.e233. ((Intervento presentato al 15. convegno International myeloma workshop tenutosi a Roma nel 2015.

Notch signaling dysregulation promotes multiple myeloma-associated bone disease

S. Garavelli
Primo
;
M. Colombo
Secondo
;
L. Apicella;E. Lazzari;K. Todoerti;N. Platonova;A. Neri
Penultimo
;
R. Chiaramonte
Ultimo
2015-09

Abstract

Introduction The Notch pathway is dysregulated in multiple myeloma (MM), due to the hyperexpression of Notch receptors and Jag1/2 ligands. This alteration affects MM cell biology and improves the ability of MM cell to shape the bone marrow (BM) niche inducing a supportive behavior that promotes tumor progression.
 BM niche alterations include an increased osteolytic activity results in bone disease which affects patients quality of
 life and promotes tumor growth and survival, contributing to the fatal outcome of MM. Notch has been reported as a key regulator of bone tissue remodeling. The aim of this work was to study the role of Notch signaling in MM-associated bone disease and, specifically, to verify the effect of Notch signaling activated by the two dysregulated ligands, Jag1 and 2. 
Methods The experiments took advantage of cell lines as well as primary cells including MM cells, osteoclasts (OCLs) and BM stromal cells (BMSCs). OCL differentiation was induced for 5-7days cells by: i) adding 50ng/ml RANKL, ii) co-culturing with MM cells or iii) addition of MM cell lines conditioned media (CM). OCLs were enumerated by TRAP staining. Notch signaling was inhibited by the g-secretase inhibitor, 25-50 mM DAPT, or by Jag1-2 silencing performed using the RNAiTM siRNA system (Invitrogen). Quantitative PCR reactions were carried with MaximaTM SYBR Green qPCR Master Mix.
 RANKL was quantified by ELISA and flow cytometry. 
Results Our findings indicate that Notch activity induces the autonomous release of the osteoclastogenic factor RANKL by MM cells, inducing OCLs differentiation and osteolytic activity.
 In addition, MM-derived Jag1-2 directly activate the pro-osteoclastogenic Notch signaling in the neighboring OCL progenitors, thereby boosting their differentiation.
 Finally, MM cell-derived Jag1-2 activate Notch signaling in BM stromal cells (BMSCs), which, in turn, enhance the osteoclastogenic potential of MM cells, by boosting their secretion of RANKL.
 Conclusion: This study provides the first evidence that Jag1 and 
2 ligands aberrantly expressed by MM cells shape the BM niche and foster MM-induced OCLs differentiation and bone resorption activity. Our results suggest that inhibiting the engagement between the Jag1-2 ligands expressed by MM cells and Notch receptors may prevent MM-associated bone disease. This evidence strengthen the rational of a molecular therapy in MM myeloma directed to Notch ligands, Jag1 and 2.
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/508284
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