The Lower Permian of the Haushi basin, Interior Oman (Al Khlata Formation to Saiwan Formation/lower Gharif member) records climate change from glaciation, through marine sedimentation in the Haushi sea, to subtropical desert. To investigate the palaeoclimatic evolution of the Haushi Sea we used 0, C, and Sr isotopes from 31 brachiopod shells of eight species collected bed by bed within the type-section of the Saiwan Formation. We assessed diagenesis by scanning electron microscopy of ultrastructure, cathodoluminescence, and geochemistry, and rejected fifteen shells not meeting specific preservation criteria. Spiriferids and spiriferinids show better preservation of the fibrous secondary layer than do orthotetids and productids and are therefore more suitable for isotopic analysis. delta O-18 of - 3.7 to - 3.1 parts per thousand. from brachiopods at the base of the Saiwan Formation are probably related to glacial meltwater. Above this, an increase in delta O-18 may indicate ice accumulation elsewhere in Gondwana or more probably that the Haushi sea was an evaporating embayment of the Neotethys Ocean. delta C-13 varies little and is within the range of published data: its trend towards heavier values is consistent with increasing aridity and oligotrophy. Saiwan Sr isotope signatures are less radiogenic than those of the Sakmarian LOWESS seawater Curve, which is based on extrapolation between few data points. In the scenario of evaporation in a restricted Haushi basin, the variation in Sr isotope composition may reflect a fluvial component.
Lower Permian brachiopods from Oman : their potential as climatic proxies / L. Angiolini, D.P.F. Darbyshire, M.H. Stephenson, M.J. Leng, T.S. Brewer, F. Berra, F. Jadoul. - In: EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. - ISSN 1755-6910. - 98:3-4(2007), pp. 327-344.
|Titolo:||Lower Permian brachiopods from Oman : their potential as climatic proxies|
ANGIOLINI, LUCIA (Primo)
BERRA, FABRIZIO (Penultimo)
JADOUL, FLAVIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||carbon ; cathodoluminescence ; geochemistry ; Gondwana deglaciation ; Haushi basin ; late Sakmarian ; oxygen ; strontium isotopes ; ultrastructure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia|
Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755691008075634|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|