Among 469 women with a diagnosis of HIV in pregnancy, 74 (15.8%) presented with less than 200 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter. The only variable significantly associated with this occurrence was African origin (odds ratio: 2.22, 95% confidence intervals: 1.32 to 3.75, P = 0.003). Four women with low CD4 (5.6%), compared with none with higher CD4 counts, had severe AIDS-defining conditions (P < 0.001) during pregnancy or soon after delivery, and one transmitted HIV to the newborn. Early preterm delivery (<32 weeks) was significantly more frequent with low CD4 (6.2% vs. 1.4%, P = 0.015). An earlier access to HIV testing, particularly among immigrants of African origin, can prevent severe HIV-related morbidity.

Consequences of presentation with advanced HIV disease in pregnancy : data from a national study in Italy / M. Floridia, E. Tamburrini, G. Masuelli, G. Guaraldi, A. Molinari, I. Cetin, S. Dalzero, A. Spinillo, G. Liuzzi, C. Pinnetti, I. Vicini, P. Castelli, V. Sacchi, M. Ravizza, E. Tamburrini, F. Mori, P. Ortolani, E. dalle Nogare, F. Di Lorenzo, G. Sterrantino, M. Meli, S. Polemi, J. Nocentini, M. Baldini, G. Montorzi, M. Mazzetti, P. Rogasi, B. Borchi, F. Vichi, B. Del Pin, E. Pinter, E. Anzalone, R. Marocco, C. Mastroianni, V. Mercurio, A. Carocci, E. Grilli, A. Maccabruni, M. Zaramella, B. Mariani, G. Natalini Raponi, G. Guaraldi, G. Nardini, C. Stentarelli, B. Beghetto, A. Degli Antoni, A. Molinari, M. Crisalli, A. Donisi, M. Piepoli, V. Cerri, G. Zuccotti, V. Giacomet, V. Fabiano, S. Coletto, F. Di Nello, G. Placido, A. Vivarelli, P. Castelli, F. Savalli, V. Portelli, F. Sabbatini, D. Francisci, L. Bernini, P. Grossi, L. Rizzi, S. Alberico, G. Maso, M. Airoud, G. Soppelsa, A. Meloni, M. Dedoni, C. Cuboni, F. Ortu, P. Piano, A. Citernesi, I. Bordoni Vicini, K. Luzi, A. Spinillo, M. Roccio, A. Vimercati, A. Miccolis, A. De Gennaro, B. Guerra, F. Cervi, C. Puccetti, E. Margarito, M. Contoli, M. Capretti, C. Marsico, G. Faldella, M. Sansone, P. Martinelli, A. Agangi, G. Maruotti, C. Tibaldi, L. Trentini, T. Todros, G. Masuelli, V. Frisina, I. Cetin, T. Brambilla, V. Savasi, C. Personeni, C. Giaquinto, M. Fiscon, R. Rinaldi, E. Rubino, A. Bucceri, R. Matrone, G. Scaravelli, C. Fundarò, O. Genovese, C. Cafforio, C. Pinnetti, G. Liuzzi, V. Tozzi, P. Massetti, A. Casadei, A. Cavaliere, V. Finelli, M. Cellini, G. Castelli Gattinara, A. Marconi, S. Dalzero, V. Sacchi, A. De Pirro, C. Polizzi, A. Mattei, M. Pirillo, R. Amici, C. Galluzzo, S. Donnini, S. Baroncelli, M. Floridia, P. Villani, M. Cusato, A. Cerioli, M. De Martino, P. Mastroiacovo, M. Moroni, F. Parazzini, E. Tamburrini, S. Vella, P. Martinelli, M. Ravizza. - In: JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. - ISSN 1525-4135. - 70:4(2015 Dec 01), pp. 452-455.

Consequences of presentation with advanced HIV disease in pregnancy : data from a national study in Italy

I. Cetin;S. Dalzero;V. Sacchi
Penultimo
;
G. Zuccotti;V. Giacomet;V. Fabiano;V. Savasi;A. Marconi;F. Parazzini;
2015-12-01

Abstract

Among 469 women with a diagnosis of HIV in pregnancy, 74 (15.8%) presented with less than 200 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter. The only variable significantly associated with this occurrence was African origin (odds ratio: 2.22, 95% confidence intervals: 1.32 to 3.75, P = 0.003). Four women with low CD4 (5.6%), compared with none with higher CD4 counts, had severe AIDS-defining conditions (P < 0.001) during pregnancy or soon after delivery, and one transmitted HIV to the newborn. Early preterm delivery (<32 weeks) was significantly more frequent with low CD4 (6.2% vs. 1.4%, P = 0.015). An earlier access to HIV testing, particularly among immigrants of African origin, can prevent severe HIV-related morbidity.
HIV; pregnancy; advanced HIV disease; HIV vertical transmission; African provenance
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/484835
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