Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptides may represent an alternative to apoA-I for large-scale production of synthetic high-density lipoproteins (sHDL) as a therapeutic agent. In this study, the cardioprotective activity of sHDL made with either L37pA peptide or its D-stereoisomer, D37pA, was compared to sHDL made with apoA-I. The peptides were reconstituted with palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine, which yielded sHDL particles comparable to apoA-I sHDL in diameter, molecular weight, and α-helical content. Pretreatment of endothelial cells with either peptide sHDL reduced tumor necrosis factor α-stimulated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression to the same extent as apoA-I sHDL. In an isolated rat heart model of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, L37pA and D37pA sHDL significantly reduced postischemic cardiac contractile dysfunction compared to the saline control, as indicated by a 49.7 ± 6.4% (L37pA; P < 0.001) and 53.0 ± 9.1% (D37pA; P < 0.001) increase of left ventricular-developed pressure (LVDP) after reperfusion and by a 45.4 ± 3.4% (L37pA; P < 0.001) and 49.6 ± 2.6% (D37pA; P < 0.001) decrease of creatine kinase (CK) release. These effects were similar to the 51.3 ± 3.0% (P < 0.001) increase of LVDP and 51.3 ± 3.0 (P < 0.001) reduction of CK release induced by apoA-I sHDL. Consistent with their cardioprotective effects, all three types of sHDL particles mediated an approximate 20% (P < 0.001) reduction of cardiac tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) content and stimulated an approximate 35% (P < 0.05) increase in postischemic release of prostacyclin. In summary, L37pA and D37pA peptides can form sHDL particles that retain a similar level of protective activity as apoA-I sHDL on the endothelium and the heart; thus, apoA-I mimetic peptides may be useful therapeutic agents for the prevention of cardiac I/R injury.
|Titolo:||Anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective activities of synthetic high-density lipoprotein containing apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptides|
|Autori interni:||FRANCESCHINI, GUIDO|
GOMARASCHI, MONICA (Primo)
CALABRESI, LAURA (Secondo)
ROSSONI, GIUSEPPE BATTISTA
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1124/jpet.107.129411|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
- PubMed Central loading...