Background and Aim. Nonceliac gluten sensitivity is syndrome characterized by symptoms disappearing after a gluten-free diet. Its existence is still argument of discussion among specialists. Our aim was to evaluate the knowledge about nonceliac gluten sensitivity among gastroenterology specialists. Methods. During October 2013 a questionnaire was sent through a medical newsletter to Italian gastroenterologists. Twelve questions investigated their knowledge on nonceliac gluten sensitivity, including their diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Results. A total of 212 gastroenterologists filled in the questionnaire. The 98.6% were aware of the existence of a syndrome called "nonceliac gluten sensitivity" and 77% believe in its existence. However, only 56% gave a correct definition of the term. The majority of specialists diagnosed gluten sensitive patients and the number of diagnoses was not statistically different from that of celiac disease. Moreover, a gluten-free diet was prescribed by 64% of the specialists and among them the 73% noted an increase of gluten sensitive patients attending their outpatient services. Conclusions. Our study indicated that most of the specialists recognize nonceliac gluten sensitivity and prescribe gluten-free diet, although 44% of the specialists are not able to give its correct definition; underlining the necessity of medical education on this topic is needed.
Management of Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity by Gastroenterology Specialists : Data from an Italian Survey / F. Branchi, F. Ferretti, L. Norsa, L. Roncoroni, D. Conte, M.T. Bardella, L. Elli. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6133. - 2015(2015), pp. 530136.1-530136.6.
|Titolo:||Management of Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity by Gastroenterology Specialists : Data from an Italian Survey|
BRANCHI, FEDERICA (Primo)
FERRETTI, FRANCESCA (Secondo)
BARDELLA, MARIA TERESA (Penultimo)
ELLI, LUCA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Immunology and Microbiology (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/530136|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|