Objective: Post-mortem brain samples from 15 deceased patients whose death was heroin related, were analyzed to determine 6-monoacetyl-morphine (6-MAM) concentrations. The samples belonged to people died between 2008 and 2014. The first eight samples were also analyzed in 2012 to determine only morphine and codeine levels. Method: A GC/MS method was studied in order to enhance sensitivity, thus helping the determination of 6-MAM whose detection is in most cases difficult because of the complexity of the biological matrix. The analytical method was validated using deuterated internal standards (IS-D3, morphine-D3 and codeine-D3) and it showed adequate specificity, linearity, LOD, LOQ precision and accuracy for the determination of the analyte of interest. Results: 6-MAM was evidenced only in the more recent samples, thus pointing out its low stability. Its concentration ranged from 15.6 to 28.9 ng/g. Morphine and codeine was also determined and a comparison was carried out between the blood and the brain levels of the three analytes. Moreover a parallel was established between the concentrations of morphine and codeine found in the brain in 2012 and 2015. Conclusion: 6-MAM determination in the brain is particularly important when discriminating between morphine assumption and heroin abuse. In fact in the cases in which it is not detectable in the blood it can be present in the brain. It was noticed that the concentrations of morphine found in the brain in 2015 are higher respect to the levels of 2012; a possible explanation could be that 6-MAM originally present in the brain has hydrolyzed to morphine, thus increasing its levels.
Determination of 6-Monoacetyl-Morphine (6-MAM) in Brain Samples from Heroin Fatalities / G. Roda, F. Farè, L. Dell’Acqua, S. Arnoldi, V. Gambaro, A. Argo, G.L. Visconti, E. Casagni, P. Procaccianti, M. Cippitelli, R. Froldi. - In: PHARMACEUTICA ANALYTICA ACTA. - ISSN 2153-2435. - 6:12(2015), pp. 1000451.1-1000451.5.
|Titolo:||Determination of 6-Monoacetyl-Morphine (6-MAM) in Brain Samples from Heroin Fatalities|
RODA, GABRIELLA (Corresponding)
FARE', FIORENZA (Corresponding)
DELL'ACQUA, LUCIA SPERANZA MARIA (Corresponding)
ARNOLDI, SEBASTIANO (Corresponding)
GAMBARO, VENIERO (Corresponding)
VISCONTI, GIACOMO LUCA (Corresponding)
CASAGNI, ELEONORA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||heroine; morphine; codeine; 6-Acetyl-morphine; postmortem brain specimen; GC/MS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||7-dic-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2153-2435.1000451|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|