We address characterization of many-body superradiant systems and establish a fundamental connection between quantum criticality and the possibility of locally estimating the coupling constant, i.e., extracting its value by probing only a portion of the whole system. In particular, we consider Dicke-like superradiant systems made of an ensemble of two-level atoms interacting with a single-mode radiation field at zero effective temperature, and address estimation of the coupling by measurements performed only on radiation. At first, we obtain analytically the quantum Fisher information (QFI) and show that optimal estimation of the coupling may be achieved by tuning the frequency of the radiation field to drive the system toward criticality. The scaling behavior of the QFI at the critical point is obtained explicitly upon exploiting the symplectic formalism for Gaussian states. We then analyze the performances of feasible detection schemes performed only on the radiation subsystem, namely homodyne detection and photon counting, and show that the corresponding Fisher informations (FIs) approach the global QFI in the critical region. We thus conclude that criticality is a twofold resource. On the one hand, global QFI diverges at the critical point, i.e., the coupling may be estimated with the arbitrary precision. On the other hand, the FIs of feasible local measurements (which are generally smaller than the QFI out of the critical region), show the same scaling of the global QFI; i.e., optimal estimation of coupling may be achieved by locally probing the system, despite its strongly interacting nature.
Dicke coupling by feasible local measurements at the superradiant quantum phase transition / M. Bina, I. Amelio, M.G.A. Paris. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0045. - 93:5(2016 May), pp. 052118.1-052118.10.
|Titolo:||Dicke coupling by feasible local measurements at the superradiant quantum phase transition|
BINA, MATTEO (Primo)
PARIS, MATTEO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||condensed matter physics; statistical and nonlinear physics; statistics and probability|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Progetto:||Quantum Probes for Complex Systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.93.052118|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|