The structure of the plant inflorescence and flower is an important agronomic and ornamental trait studied for its potential economic applications. In particular, the capacity to modify flower size has always been a breeder's goal. Genetic and molecular studies have shown that the Zea mays gene Ramosa1 (Ra1) is involved in inflorescence branching regulation. In fact the ra1 loss of function mutation causes extra branching of the inflorescence. In this work we suggest a possible utilization of the Ramosa1 maize gene as a tool to modify inflorescence architecture and flower size in transgenic plants. In fact overexpression of this gene in Arabidopsis plants promotes an increase in reproductive organ size. Pollen, seeds, cotyledons, leaves and roots are also larger than those of the wild type. Analysis of organs from transformants showed that cell expansion was increased without apparently affecting cell division. These results suggest that the RA1 protein is able to up-regulate cell expansion in all organs of Arabidopsis plants.

Arabidopsis thaliana plants overexpressing Ramosa1 maize gene show an increase in organ size due to cell expansion / M. Landoni, E. Cassani, R. Pilu. - In: SEXUAL PLANT REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 0934-0882. - 20:4(2007), pp. 191-198.

Arabidopsis thaliana plants overexpressing Ramosa1 maize gene show an increase in organ size due to cell expansion

M. Landoni;E. Cassani;R. Pilu
2007

Abstract

The structure of the plant inflorescence and flower is an important agronomic and ornamental trait studied for its potential economic applications. In particular, the capacity to modify flower size has always been a breeder's goal. Genetic and molecular studies have shown that the Zea mays gene Ramosa1 (Ra1) is involved in inflorescence branching regulation. In fact the ra1 loss of function mutation causes extra branching of the inflorescence. In this work we suggest a possible utilization of the Ramosa1 maize gene as a tool to modify inflorescence architecture and flower size in transgenic plants. In fact overexpression of this gene in Arabidopsis plants promotes an increase in reproductive organ size. Pollen, seeds, cotyledons, leaves and roots are also larger than those of the wild type. Analysis of organs from transformants showed that cell expansion was increased without apparently affecting cell division. These results suggest that the RA1 protein is able to up-regulate cell expansion in all organs of Arabidopsis plants.
Arabidopsis thaliana; Cell expansion; Flower size; Ramosa1 gene; Zea mays
Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/37780
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