The development of a safe and effective respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine might be facilitated by knowledge of the natural immune response to this virus. The aims of this study were to evaluate the neutralizing antibody response of a cohort of healthy children <18 months old to RSV infection. During the RSV season, 89 healthy children <18 months old were enrolled and followed up weekly for 12 weeks. At each visit, a nasopharyngeal swab was obtained for RSV detection by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). During the study period, two blood samples were drawn and they were used to determine RSV geometric mean neutralizing antibody titres (GMT) against RSV. A total of 35 (39.3%) children had RSV detected during the study period. Among RSV-positive patients, children ≥7 months showed a significantly higher increase in antibody response (p<0.001). A significantly higher number of patients with a ≥4-fold increase in GMT were ≥7 months old (p=0.02) and presented lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) during the study period (p=0.01). Viral shedding was longer among children aged ≥7 months (p=0.06), those with viral load ≥10 (6) copies/mL (p=0.03), and those with LRTIs during the study period (p=0.03), but it was not associated with the immune response (p=0.41). In conclusion, natural RSV infection seems to evoke a low immune response in younger children. To be effective in this infant population, which is at highest risk of developing severe LRTIs, vaccines must be able to induce in the first months of life a stronger immune response than that produced by the natural infection.

Antibody response to respiratory syncytial virus infection in children <18 months old / S. Esposito, E. Scarselli, M. Lelii, A. Scala, A. Vitelli, S. Capone, M. Fornili, E. Biganzoli, A. Orenti, A. Nicosia, R. Cortese, N. Principi. - In: HUMAN VACCINES & IMMUNOTHERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 2164-5515. - 12:7(2016), pp. 1700-1706. [10.1080/21645515.2016.1145847]

Antibody response to respiratory syncytial virus infection in children <18 months old

S. Esposito;M. Lelii;M. Fornili;E. Biganzoli;A. Orenti;N. Principi
2016

Abstract

The development of a safe and effective respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine might be facilitated by knowledge of the natural immune response to this virus. The aims of this study were to evaluate the neutralizing antibody response of a cohort of healthy children <18 months old to RSV infection. During the RSV season, 89 healthy children <18 months old were enrolled and followed up weekly for 12 weeks. At each visit, a nasopharyngeal swab was obtained for RSV detection by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). During the study period, two blood samples were drawn and they were used to determine RSV geometric mean neutralizing antibody titres (GMT) against RSV. A total of 35 (39.3%) children had RSV detected during the study period. Among RSV-positive patients, children ≥7 months showed a significantly higher increase in antibody response (p<0.001). A significantly higher number of patients with a ≥4-fold increase in GMT were ≥7 months old (p=0.02) and presented lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) during the study period (p=0.01). Viral shedding was longer among children aged ≥7 months (p=0.06), those with viral load ≥10 (6) copies/mL (p=0.03), and those with LRTIs during the study period (p=0.03), but it was not associated with the immune response (p=0.41). In conclusion, natural RSV infection seems to evoke a low immune response in younger children. To be effective in this infant population, which is at highest risk of developing severe LRTIs, vaccines must be able to induce in the first months of life a stronger immune response than that produced by the natural infection.
neutralizing antibody; pediatric infectious diseases; respiratory tract infection; RSV; RSV vaccine
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
22-feb-2016
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/369837
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