During oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) differentiation, defective control of the membrane receptor GPR17 has been suggested to block cell maturation and impair remyelination under demyelinating conditions. After the immature oligodendrocyte stage, to enable cells to complete maturation, GPR17 is physiologically down-regulated via phosphorylation/desensitization by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs); conversely, GRKs are regulated by the "mammalian target of rapamycin" mTOR. However, how GRKs and mTOR are connected to each other in modulating GPR17 function and oligodendrogenesis has remained elusive. Here we show, for the first time, a role for Murine double minute 2 (Mdm2), a ligase previously involved in ubiquitination/degradation of the onco-suppressor p53 protein. In maturing OPCs, both rapamycin and Nutlin-3, a small molecule inhibitor of Mdm2-p53 interactions, increased GRK2 sequestration by Mdm2, leading to impaired GPR17 down-regulation and OPC maturation block. Thus, Mdm2 intertwines mTOR with GRK2 in regulating GPR17 and oligodendrogenesis and represents a novel actor in myelination.
The ubiquitin ligase Mdm2 controls oligodendrocyte maturation by intertwining mTOR with G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in the regulation of GPR17 receptor desensitization / M. Fumagalli, E. Bonfanti, S. Daniele, E. Zappelli, D. Lecca, C. Martini, M..L. Trincavelli, M.P. Abbracchio. - In: GLIA. - ISSN 0894-1491. - 63:12(2015 Dec), pp. 2327-2339.
|Titolo:||The ubiquitin ligase Mdm2 controls oligodendrocyte maturation by intertwining mTOR with G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in the regulation of GPR17 receptor desensitization|
FUMAGALLI, MARTA (Primo)
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||GPR17 receptor; myelination; Nutlin-3; oligodendrocyte precursor cells; rapamycin; cellular and molecular neuroscience; neurology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/glia.22896|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|