C1-inhibitor is a serine protease inhibitor (serpin) controlling complement and kinin/contact system activation. Mutations in C1- inhibitor gene almost consistently result in reduced C1-inhibitor functional level in plasma causing hereditary angioedema, a lifethreatening autosomal dominant disorder. Despite a stable defect, the clinical expression of hereditary angioedema is unpredictable, and the molecular mechanism underlying this variability remains undisclosed. We report a case of a patient suffering from abdominal pain and presenting markedly reduced C1-inhibitor plasma levels, episodically undergoing spontaneous normalization, carrying the Arg378Cys missense mutation in the serpin domain. Immunostaining analysis of patient plasma revealed the presence of C1-inhibitor oligomers, together with the occurrence of a SDS stable band that disappeared in reducing conditions, suitable for a disulphide bridged Arg378Cys homodimer. Expression studies in eukaryotic cell lines resulted in a drop in mutant C1-innhibitor secretion compared to wild-type and confirmed the plasma observations. Notwithstanding, the purified recombinant proteins behave similarly. Both proteins formed stable covalent complexes with target proteases, and the kinetic of inhibition of the mutant was just slightly diminished, although this reduction increased with temperature. Thus, our findings suggest that the Arg378Cys C1-inhibitor mutant once correctly folded should maintain the wild type functional and structural features and instead it should bear a folding defect, abnormally susceptible to environmental factors, which may occasionally promote protein oligomerization. Moreover it can form a disulphide linked homodimer. Both these processes could account for its variability in plasma levels.
|Titolo:||A case of remittent C1-inhibitor deficiency|
|Parole Chiave:||C1-inhibitor; serpin; hereditary angioedema; complement|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|