Congenital disorder of glycosylation Ia (CDG-Ia) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterized by the impaired biosynthesis of the N-linked oligosaccharide chains of proteins due to a deficiency of phosphomannomutase (PMM), the enzyme converting mannose-6-phosphate into mannose-1-phosphate. We investigated the consequences of the altered N-linked glycoprotein (GP) biosynthesis on the quantity and quality of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in fibroblasts of CDG-Ia patients. First, we found that CDG-Ia fibroblasts contain an increased amount of total GSLs when compared with normal fibroblasts. Further, we assessed by metabolic labeling of CDG-Ia fibroblasts with radioactive sugar precursors, including galactose and N-acetylmannosamine, that a diminished biosynthesis of cellular GPs is antagonized by an increased biosynthesis of GSLs. An increased GSL biosynthesis was also observed by means of radio-labeled lipid precursors including sphingosine and lactosylceramide. Notably, also the degradation of GLSs is slowed down in CDG-Ia fibroblasts. Finally, when we labeled normal human fibroblasts and CHO cells with radioactive galactose in the presence and absence of deoxymannojirimycin (dMM), an inhibitor of N-glycan processing, we found that this cellular model mimics what occurs in CDG-Ia fibroblasts. Since an inverse relationship between GP expression and GSL content does exist, we assume that increased glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is secondary to protein hypoglycosylation. Altogether, our data suggest that the cell metabolic machinery may be able to partially re-equilibrate protein hypoglycosylation with increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids, possibly to preserve the overall physico-chemical equilibrium of the outer layer of the plasma membrane.

Increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids in CDG-Ia fibroblasts / G. Sala, T. Dupre, N. Seta, P. Codogno, R. Ghidoni. - In: PEDIATRIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0031-3998. - 52:5(2002), pp. 645-651.

Increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids in CDG-Ia fibroblasts

G. Sala
Primo
;
R. Ghidoni
Ultimo
2002

Abstract

Congenital disorder of glycosylation Ia (CDG-Ia) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterized by the impaired biosynthesis of the N-linked oligosaccharide chains of proteins due to a deficiency of phosphomannomutase (PMM), the enzyme converting mannose-6-phosphate into mannose-1-phosphate. We investigated the consequences of the altered N-linked glycoprotein (GP) biosynthesis on the quantity and quality of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in fibroblasts of CDG-Ia patients. First, we found that CDG-Ia fibroblasts contain an increased amount of total GSLs when compared with normal fibroblasts. Further, we assessed by metabolic labeling of CDG-Ia fibroblasts with radioactive sugar precursors, including galactose and N-acetylmannosamine, that a diminished biosynthesis of cellular GPs is antagonized by an increased biosynthesis of GSLs. An increased GSL biosynthesis was also observed by means of radio-labeled lipid precursors including sphingosine and lactosylceramide. Notably, also the degradation of GLSs is slowed down in CDG-Ia fibroblasts. Finally, when we labeled normal human fibroblasts and CHO cells with radioactive galactose in the presence and absence of deoxymannojirimycin (dMM), an inhibitor of N-glycan processing, we found that this cellular model mimics what occurs in CDG-Ia fibroblasts. Since an inverse relationship between GP expression and GSL content does exist, we assume that increased glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is secondary to protein hypoglycosylation. Altogether, our data suggest that the cell metabolic machinery may be able to partially re-equilibrate protein hypoglycosylation with increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids, possibly to preserve the overall physico-chemical equilibrium of the outer layer of the plasma membrane.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/29453
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