This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of plant polyphenols (PP) on antioxidant activity in weaned piglets. First, a uniform design, one optimising an experimental technique that can rationally arrange the concentrations of mixture components, was used to obtain the best PP mixture of apple, grape seed, green tea and olive leaf polyphenols based on in vitro antioxidant capacity and inhibitory action on bacterial growth. Second, the optimised PP mixture was tested in vivo with an efficacy trial on piglets. The optimal effects of the mix were observed in vitro when apple, grape seed, green tea, olive leaf polyphenols and a carrier (silicon dioxide) accounted for 16.5, 27.5, 30, 2.5 and 23.5%, respectively, of the mixture. Forty-eight weaned piglets were randomly allocated to two dietary treatments (6 replicates of 4 piglets each per treatment) and fed a control diet (CTR) or CTR supplemented with 0.1% of the optimised PP mixture. Dietary PP did not affect growth performance compared to the CTR group. Plasma total protein, urea nitrogen and lysozyme content were not affected by dietary treatment. No differences of E. coli or Clostridia counts in the faeces and caecum content between the CTR and PP groups were observed. A reduced malondialdehyde concentration in the PP group was observed on day 21 compared to the CTR group (P=0.02). In conclusion, the prepared PP mixture has the potential to improve plasma antioxidant activity.

Modulation of plasma antioxidant activity in weaned piglets by plant polyphenols / H.J. Zhang, X.R. Jiang, G. Mantovani, A.E. Valdez Lumbreras, M. Comi, G. Alborali, G. Savoini, V. Dell'Orto, V. Bontempo. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1594-4077. - 13:2(2014 Apr 11), pp. 3242.424-3242.430. [10.4081/ijas.2014.3242]

Modulation of plasma antioxidant activity in weaned piglets by plant polyphenols

H.J. Zhang;X.R. Jiang;G. Mantovani;A.E. Valdez Lumbreras;M. Comi;G. Savoini;V. Dell'Orto;V. Bontempo
2014

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of plant polyphenols (PP) on antioxidant activity in weaned piglets. First, a uniform design, one optimising an experimental technique that can rationally arrange the concentrations of mixture components, was used to obtain the best PP mixture of apple, grape seed, green tea and olive leaf polyphenols based on in vitro antioxidant capacity and inhibitory action on bacterial growth. Second, the optimised PP mixture was tested in vivo with an efficacy trial on piglets. The optimal effects of the mix were observed in vitro when apple, grape seed, green tea, olive leaf polyphenols and a carrier (silicon dioxide) accounted for 16.5, 27.5, 30, 2.5 and 23.5%, respectively, of the mixture. Forty-eight weaned piglets were randomly allocated to two dietary treatments (6 replicates of 4 piglets each per treatment) and fed a control diet (CTR) or CTR supplemented with 0.1% of the optimised PP mixture. Dietary PP did not affect growth performance compared to the CTR group. Plasma total protein, urea nitrogen and lysozyme content were not affected by dietary treatment. No differences of E. coli or Clostridia counts in the faeces and caecum content between the CTR and PP groups were observed. A reduced malondialdehyde concentration in the PP group was observed on day 21 compared to the CTR group (P=0.02). In conclusion, the prepared PP mixture has the potential to improve plasma antioxidant activity.
Plant polyphenols; Plasma antioxidant activity; Uniform design; Weaned piglets
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
11-apr-2014
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/236749
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