A small amount of ammonia is used in full-scale plants to partially sanitize sewage sludge, thereby allowing successive biological processes to enable the high biological stability of the organic matter. Nevertheless, ammonia and methane are both produced during the anaerobic digestion (AD) of sludge. This paper describes the evaluation of a lab-scale study on the ability of anaerobic process to sanitize sewage sludge and produce biogas, thus avoiding the addition of ammonia to sanitize sludge.According to both previous work and a state of the art full-scale plant, ammonia was added to a mixture of sewage sludge at a rate so that the pH values after stirring were 8.5, 9 and 9.5. This procedure determined an ammonia addition lower than that generally indicated in the literature. The same sludge was also subjected to an AD process for 60. days under psychrophilic, mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. The levels of fecal coliform, Salmonella spp. helmints ova, pH, total N, ammonia fractions and biogas production were measured at different times during each process.The results obtained suggested that sludge sanitation can be achieved using an AD process; however, the addition of a small amount of ammonia was not effective in sludge sanitation because the buffer ability of the sludge reduced the pH and thus caused ammonia toxicity.Mesophilic and thermophilic AD sanitized better than psychrophilic AD did, but the total free ammonia concentration under the thermophilic condition inhibited biogas production. The mesophilic condition, however, allowed for both sludge sanitation and significant biogas production.
Sanitation ability of anaerobic digestion performed at different temperature on sewage sludge / B. Scaglia, G. D'Imporzano, G. Garuti, M. Negri, F. Adani. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 466-467(2014 Jan 01), pp. 888-897.
|Titolo:||Sanitation ability of anaerobic digestion performed at different temperature on sewage sludge|
SCAGLIA, BARBARA (Primo)
D'IMPORZANO, GIULIANA (Secondo)
ADANI, FABRIZIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Ammonia; Anaerobic digestion; Fecal coliform; Pathogen; Salmonella spp.; Sewage sludge|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-gen-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.114|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|