Background: Malignant cells from different cancers express different profiles of chemokine receptors (CKR). Their presence may influence site-specific spread of tumor cells, by enabling them to respond to chemokine gradient, and may increase cell sensibility to chemokine mediated proliferative and anti-apoptotic stimuli. Notch ability to positively regulate CKR has been reported: stimulation of Pax5-/- pre-B cells with the Notch ligand Delta-1 results in induction of transcripts for CCR4, CCR8 and CXCR 6; the Delta-1-dependent regulation of Langerhans cell development includes induction of CCR6 expression resulting in the activation of chemotactic response to MIP-1a; Notch controls CCR7 signaling a regulator of CNS infiltration in T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Methods: This work aims to explore the correlation between the activation of the Notch oncogenic pathway in T-ALL and multiple myeloma (MM) cells and the aberrant expression CKR. Human T-ALL cell lines were treated with the Notch activation inhibitor, DAPT, or with a potent inhibitor of the Notch target, C-MYC, and evaluated the expression and functions of CCR9, CCR5, and CXCR4. Results: Treatment of human T-ALL and MM cell lines with pharmacologic inhibitors of Notch receptor activation produced a significant reduction of CCR9, CCR5 and CXCR4 expression, at both mRNA and protein levels. Results were confirmed by chemotaxis and survival assays. We identified the product of C-MYC gene as a possible mediator of Notch effect in regulating CKR networks in T-ALL and MM. Conclusions: These results suggest that Notch receptors play a previously unknown role in cancer progression and metastasis, by maintaining the expression levels of CKR. In conclusion, the identification of the potential axis Notch/CKR could have a prognostic value and provide the rationale for a tailored approach, since both Notch and CKR are targeted by emerging drugs.

Chemokine receptors as novel targets of the oncogene Notch1 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia / L. Mirandola, M. Chiriva Internati, E. Cobos, Y. Yu, J.A. Figueroa, S. Garavelli, M. Colombo, E. Lazzari, N. Platonova, K. Zepeda, C.A. Jumper, M. Jenkins, R. Alalawi, V. Konala, A. Aulakh, S. Radhi, R. Chiaramonte. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1527-7755. - 31:15(2013 Jun 02), p. e22052. ((Intervento presentato al convegno ASCO Annual Meeting tenutosi a Chicago, IL nel 2013.

Chemokine receptors as novel targets of the oncogene Notch1 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia

L. Mirandola
Primo
;
S. Garavelli;M. Colombo;E. Lazzari;N. Platonova;R. Chiaramonte
Ultimo
2013-06-02

Abstract

Background: Malignant cells from different cancers express different profiles of chemokine receptors (CKR). Their presence may influence site-specific spread of tumor cells, by enabling them to respond to chemokine gradient, and may increase cell sensibility to chemokine mediated proliferative and anti-apoptotic stimuli. Notch ability to positively regulate CKR has been reported: stimulation of Pax5-/- pre-B cells with the Notch ligand Delta-1 results in induction of transcripts for CCR4, CCR8 and CXCR 6; the Delta-1-dependent regulation of Langerhans cell development includes induction of CCR6 expression resulting in the activation of chemotactic response to MIP-1a; Notch controls CCR7 signaling a regulator of CNS infiltration in T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Methods: This work aims to explore the correlation between the activation of the Notch oncogenic pathway in T-ALL and multiple myeloma (MM) cells and the aberrant expression CKR. Human T-ALL cell lines were treated with the Notch activation inhibitor, DAPT, or with a potent inhibitor of the Notch target, C-MYC, and evaluated the expression and functions of CCR9, CCR5, and CXCR4. Results: Treatment of human T-ALL and MM cell lines with pharmacologic inhibitors of Notch receptor activation produced a significant reduction of CCR9, CCR5 and CXCR4 expression, at both mRNA and protein levels. Results were confirmed by chemotaxis and survival assays. We identified the product of C-MYC gene as a possible mediator of Notch effect in regulating CKR networks in T-ALL and MM. Conclusions: These results suggest that Notch receptors play a previously unknown role in cancer progression and metastasis, by maintaining the expression levels of CKR. In conclusion, the identification of the potential axis Notch/CKR could have a prognostic value and provide the rationale for a tailored approach, since both Notch and CKR are targeted by emerging drugs.
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
http://meetinglibrary.asco.org/content/113818-132
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/224702
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