A plasma of particles with the same sign of charge, can be easily confined under ultra-high vacuum conditions in Penning-Malmberg traps, where the time evolution of the system is monitored for very long times by means of electrostatic and optical diagnostic systems. Complex (dusty) plasmas are ionized gases that contain a distribution of micrometer-sized particles with a surface charge of the order of a few thousand electron charges. The interplay between a wide range of scales in time and space gives rise to new characteristic physical phenomena. Laboratory complex plasmas generally satisfy a global (quasi-)neutrality condition. A different concept is represented by a non-neutral complex plasma. To investigate the dynamics of this system, we are currently developing the DuEl (Dust-Electron) device, where negatively charged dust particles will be present together with a population of electrons. The experimental set-up will include a dust injection system and a Penning-Malmberg trap for the confinement of the dust-contaminated electron plasma. We describe here the main physical aims of the project and the present design of the apparatus. To support the experimental project, we have been developing a specifically tailored two-dimensional ‘hybrid’ Particle-In-Cell code. Using polar cylindrical coordinates, the code aims to investigate the transverse dynamics of a magnetized electron plasma contaminated by a massive, charged species. A mass-less fluid approximation for the electron population is exploited, while the dust component is treated with a kinetic description, also including the gravitational force. The preliminary results of systematic studies on the effects of heavy (magnetized or non-magnetized) dust grains on the equilibrium and stability properties of the electron fluid are presented. The implementation of other characteristic phenomena of interest, e.g. residual gas friction and dust charge fluctuations, is also under development.
Experimental and numerical investigation of non-neutral complex plasmas / M. Romé, F. Cavaliere, M. Cavenago, M. Ikram, F. Lepreti, G. Maero, B. Paroli, R. Pozzoli - In: Non-neutral plasma physics 8. : 10. International workshop on non-neutral plasmas : Greifswald, Germany, 27–30 August 2012 / [a cura di] X. Sarasola, L. Schweikhard, T. S. Pedersen. - Melville (New York) : American institute of physics, 2013. - ISBN 978-0-7354-1144-9. - pp. 273-280 (( Intervento presentato al 10. convegno International workshop on non-neutral plasmas tenutosi a Greifswald (Germany) nel 2012.
|Titolo:||Experimental and numerical investigation of non-neutral complex plasmas|
ROME', MASSIMILIANO (Primo)
CAVALIERE, FRANCESCO (Secondo)
PAROLI, BRUNO (Penultimo)
POZZOLI, ROBERTO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4796084|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|