ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum) is traditionally used in Burkina Faso for the treatment of malaria, but has not been properly investigated, yet. The aim of this study was to characterize in vitro the antiplasmodial and the anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum). In parallel, extracts of Gardenia sokotensis (Hutch) and Vernonia colorata (Willd), also traditionally used together in Burkina Faso and already reported with antimalarial activity, were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plant extracts were tested in vitro for antimalarial activity against chloroquine susceptible (D10) and resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum using the lactate dehydrogenase assay. Cell cytotoxicity was assessed on human dermal fibroblast (HDF) by the MTT assay. The selectivity index (SI) was used as the ratio of the activity against the parasites compared to the toxicity of the plant extract against HDF. In vitro cytokine production was assessed by ELISA technique. RESULTS: C. henriquesianum aqueous extract had a moderate antimalarial activity (IC50 <50µg/ml) with a good selectivity index (SI=HDF/D10 >7). C. henriquesianum diisopropyl ether extract was the most potent inhibitor of parasite growth with an IC50 9.5µg/ml on W2 and 8.8µg/ml on D10 and limited toxicity (SI>2). G. sokotensis and V. colorata aqueous extracts were shown to be significantly less active (IC50 ≥50µg/ml) with substantial toxicity. In addition, when the production of IL-1β and TNFα by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or hemozoin (malaria pigment) stimulated human THP1 monocyte was assayed, it was found that the extract of C. henriquesianum induced a dose-dependent inhibition of IL-1β, but not of TNFα production, thus confirming its traditional use as antipyretic. By NMR analysis, the chromone was identified as the mostly represented compound in the diisopropyl ether extract of C. henriquesianum. Chromone however, was less active as antimalarial than the crude extract and it did not inhibit cytokine production at not toxic doses, indicating that other molecules in the total extracts contribute to the antiplasmodial and anti-inflammatory activity. CONCLUSION: C. henriquesianum seems to possess antimalarial activity in vitro and the ability to inhibit the production of the pyrogenic cytokine IL-1β.

Antiplasmodial and anti-inflammatory activities of Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum), a plant used in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso / D.P. Ilboudo, N. Basilico, S. Parapini, Y. Corbett, S. D'Alessandro, M. Dell'Agli, P. Coghi, S.D. Karou, R. Sawadogo, C. Gnoula, J. Simpore, J-B Nikiema, D. Monti, E. Bosisio, D. Taramelli. - In: JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0378-8741. - 148:3(2013 Jul 30), pp. 763-769.

Antiplasmodial and anti-inflammatory activities of Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum), a plant used in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso

D.P. Ilboudo;N. Basilico;S. Parapini;Y. Corbett;S. D'Alessandro;M. Dell'Agli;P. Coghi;E. Bosisio;D. Taramelli
2013-07-30

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum) is traditionally used in Burkina Faso for the treatment of malaria, but has not been properly investigated, yet. The aim of this study was to characterize in vitro the antiplasmodial and the anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Canthium henriquesianum (K. Schum). In parallel, extracts of Gardenia sokotensis (Hutch) and Vernonia colorata (Willd), also traditionally used together in Burkina Faso and already reported with antimalarial activity, were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plant extracts were tested in vitro for antimalarial activity against chloroquine susceptible (D10) and resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum using the lactate dehydrogenase assay. Cell cytotoxicity was assessed on human dermal fibroblast (HDF) by the MTT assay. The selectivity index (SI) was used as the ratio of the activity against the parasites compared to the toxicity of the plant extract against HDF. In vitro cytokine production was assessed by ELISA technique. RESULTS: C. henriquesianum aqueous extract had a moderate antimalarial activity (IC50 <50µg/ml) with a good selectivity index (SI=HDF/D10 >7). C. henriquesianum diisopropyl ether extract was the most potent inhibitor of parasite growth with an IC50 9.5µg/ml on W2 and 8.8µg/ml on D10 and limited toxicity (SI>2). G. sokotensis and V. colorata aqueous extracts were shown to be significantly less active (IC50 ≥50µg/ml) with substantial toxicity. In addition, when the production of IL-1β and TNFα by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or hemozoin (malaria pigment) stimulated human THP1 monocyte was assayed, it was found that the extract of C. henriquesianum induced a dose-dependent inhibition of IL-1β, but not of TNFα production, thus confirming its traditional use as antipyretic. By NMR analysis, the chromone was identified as the mostly represented compound in the diisopropyl ether extract of C. henriquesianum. Chromone however, was less active as antimalarial than the crude extract and it did not inhibit cytokine production at not toxic doses, indicating that other molecules in the total extracts contribute to the antiplasmodial and anti-inflammatory activity. CONCLUSION: C. henriquesianum seems to possess antimalarial activity in vitro and the ability to inhibit the production of the pyrogenic cytokine IL-1β.
Anti-inflammatory; Antimalarial plant; Antiplasmodial activity; Chromone; Malaria; Traditional medicine
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/220146
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