We produced and studied for 3 years two synthetic populations of maize differing in their constitution only for the selected alleles present at the red color 1 (r1) locus (R-sc vs. r-r). r1 is a regulatory gene conferring anthocyanin pigmentation in different tissues: the R-sc allele confers pigmentation only in the aleurone seed layer, while the r-r allele confers pigmentation in several tissues such as root, silk and anther but the seed is colourless. The colourless population (r-r/r-r) was characterized by improved agronomic features, such as ear weight and plant height, compared with the R-sc/R-sc coloured population. This finding was confirmed by studying single F4 R/r families where the presence of the r-r allele conferred positive features, acting as a dominant trait. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis performed using molecular markers on the long arm of chromosome 10 (bin 10.06), where the r1 gene maps, identified a QTL map position for plant height tightly associated to the r1 gene. Thus the r1 gene may represent a major QTL or it could be closely linked to another gene involved in the agronomic performance of the two populations studied.

A quantitative trait locus involved in maize yield is tightly associated to the r1 gene on the long arm of chromosome 10 / S. R. Pilu, A. Bucci, L. Casella, C. Lago, F. Cerino Badone, E. Cassani, M. Landoni. - In: MOLECULAR BREEDING. - ISSN 1380-3743. - 30:2(2012 Aug), pp. 799-807.

A quantitative trait locus involved in maize yield is tightly associated to the r1 gene on the long arm of chromosome 10

S. R. Pilu;A. Bucci;L. Casella;C. Lago;F. Cerino Badone;E. Cassani;M. Landoni
2012-08

Abstract

We produced and studied for 3 years two synthetic populations of maize differing in their constitution only for the selected alleles present at the red color 1 (r1) locus (R-sc vs. r-r). r1 is a regulatory gene conferring anthocyanin pigmentation in different tissues: the R-sc allele confers pigmentation only in the aleurone seed layer, while the r-r allele confers pigmentation in several tissues such as root, silk and anther but the seed is colourless. The colourless population (r-r/r-r) was characterized by improved agronomic features, such as ear weight and plant height, compared with the R-sc/R-sc coloured population. This finding was confirmed by studying single F4 R/r families where the presence of the r-r allele conferred positive features, acting as a dominant trait. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis performed using molecular markers on the long arm of chromosome 10 (bin 10.06), where the r1 gene maps, identified a QTL map position for plant height tightly associated to the r1 gene. Thus the r1 gene may represent a major QTL or it could be closely linked to another gene involved in the agronomic performance of the two populations studied.
Anthocyanins; QTL analysis; red color 1; Zea mays
Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/193335
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