We produced and studied for 3 years two synthetic populations of maize differing in their constitution only for the selected alleles present at the red color 1 (r1) locus (R-sc vs. r-r). r1 is a regulatory gene conferring anthocyanin pigmentation in different tissues: the R-sc allele confers pigmentation only in the aleurone seed layer, while the r-r allele confers pigmentation in several tissues such as root, silk and anther but the seed is colourless. The colourless population (r-r/r-r) was characterized by improved agronomic features, such as ear weight and plant height, compared with the R-sc/R-sc coloured population. This finding was confirmed by studying single F4 R/r families where the presence of the r-r allele conferred positive features, acting as a dominant trait. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis performed using molecular markers on the long arm of chromosome 10 (bin 10.06), where the r1 gene maps, identified a QTL map position for plant height tightly associated to the r1 gene. Thus the r1 gene may represent a major QTL or it could be closely linked to another gene involved in the agronomic performance of the two populations studied.
|Titolo:||A quantitative trait locus involved in maize yield is tightly associated to the r1 gene on the long arm of chromosome 10|
|Parole Chiave:||Anthocyanins; QTL analysis; red color 1; Zea mays|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-011-9664-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|