The intracellular fate of particulate crystalline αNiS, an inducer of neoplastic transformation which is readily phagocytized by cultured cells, was compared with that of particulate amorphous NiS, which does not have these properties. Amorphous and crystalline NiS both dissolve slowly in complete medium; phagocytized αNiS particles remain in the cytoplasm, where they dissolve more rapidly than extracellular particles. Thus the selective phagocytosis of αNiS accounts for both high intracellular particle accumulation and high levels of soluble Ni relative to the surrounding medium. Since phagocytized αNiS particles do not enter the nucleus, dissolution in the cytoplasm may represent an activation step in carcinogenesis, forming soluble Ni which diffuses into the nucleus. Dissolution products from phagocytized αNiS were detected in subcellular fractions isolated from treated cells; the highest levels were found in the nuclei, mitochondria, and lysosomes. That the Ni in the subcellular fractions was dissolved is suggested by the fact that dissolution products from phagocytized αNiS were detected in nuclei after centrifugation on sucrose pads, which substantially reduced contamination from cytoplasmic αNiS particles. Cytoplasmic dissolution of αNiS was enhanced by prior exposure of cells to the same compound. Loss of visible particles from cells was compared with loss of total Ni by use of α63NiS particles; the particles disappeared from almost half the cells during the first 2 d of treatment, while the total radioactivity associated with the cells and the total number of cells in the monolayer remained the same. The accelerated dissolution of αNiS after exposure to the same particles may be due to enhancement of lysosomal enzyme activity by particle phagocytosis. A 20-30% increase in intracellular acid phosphatase activity was observed after treatment with crystalline, but not amorphous, NiS, suggesting enhanced lysosomal activity.
Cytoplasmic dissolution of phagocytized crystalline nickel sulfide particles: a prerequisite for nuclear uptake of nickel / M. P. Abbracchio, J. Simmons-Hansen, M. Costa. - In: JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. - ISSN 0098-4108. - 9:4(1982), pp. 663-676.
|Titolo:||Cytoplasmic dissolution of phagocytized crystalline nickel sulfide particles: a prerequisite for nuclear uptake of nickel|
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1982|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15287398209530194|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|